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Title: Environmental residuals and capital costs of energy recovery from municipal sludge and feedlot manure

Abstract

This report analyzes the capital and environmental cost of energy recovery from municipal sludge and feedlot manure. Literature on waste processing and energy conversion and interviews with manufacturers were used for baseline data for construction of theoretical models using three energy conversion processes: anaerobic digestion, incineration, and pyrolysis. Process characteristics, environmental impact data, and capital costs are presented in detail for each conversion system. The energy recovery systems described would probably be sited near large sources of sludge and manure, i.e., metropolitan sewage treatment plants and large feedlots in cattle-raising states. Although the systems would provide benefits in terms of waste disposal as well as energy production, they would also involve additional pollution of air and water. Analysis of potential siting patterns and pollution conflicts is needed before energy recovery systems using municipal sludge can be considered as feasible energy sources.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6036173
Report Number(s):
ANL/EES-TM-53
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; MANURES; ANAEROBIC DIGESTION; COMBUSTION; PYROLYSIS; SEWAGE SLUDGE; CAPITAL; COST; ENERGY RECOVERY; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; NUMERICAL DATA; POWER GENERATION; STEAM GENERATION; TABLES; AGRICULTURAL WASTES; BIOCONVERSION; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DATA; DATA FORMS; DECOMPOSITION; DIGESTION; INFORMATION; MANAGEMENT; OXIDATION; PROCESSING; RECOVERY; SEWAGE; SOLID WASTES; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE PROCESSING; WASTES; 090122* - Hydrocarbon Fuels- Preparation from Wastes or Biomass- (1976-1989); 090400 - Solid Waste & Wood Fuels- (-1989); 299003 - Energy Planning & Policy- Unconventional Sources & Power Generation- Other- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Ballou, S. W., Dale, L., Johnson, R., Chambers, W., and Mittelhauser, H.. Environmental residuals and capital costs of energy recovery from municipal sludge and feedlot manure. United States: N. p., 1978. Web. doi:10.2172/6036173.
Ballou, S. W., Dale, L., Johnson, R., Chambers, W., & Mittelhauser, H.. Environmental residuals and capital costs of energy recovery from municipal sludge and feedlot manure. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/6036173
Ballou, S. W., Dale, L., Johnson, R., Chambers, W., and Mittelhauser, H.. Tue . "Environmental residuals and capital costs of energy recovery from municipal sludge and feedlot manure". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/6036173. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6036173.
@article{osti_6036173,
title = {Environmental residuals and capital costs of energy recovery from municipal sludge and feedlot manure},
author = {Ballou, S. W. and Dale, L. and Johnson, R. and Chambers, W. and Mittelhauser, H.},
abstractNote = {This report analyzes the capital and environmental cost of energy recovery from municipal sludge and feedlot manure. Literature on waste processing and energy conversion and interviews with manufacturers were used for baseline data for construction of theoretical models using three energy conversion processes: anaerobic digestion, incineration, and pyrolysis. Process characteristics, environmental impact data, and capital costs are presented in detail for each conversion system. The energy recovery systems described would probably be sited near large sources of sludge and manure, i.e., metropolitan sewage treatment plants and large feedlots in cattle-raising states. Although the systems would provide benefits in terms of waste disposal as well as energy production, they would also involve additional pollution of air and water. Analysis of potential siting patterns and pollution conflicts is needed before energy recovery systems using municipal sludge can be considered as feasible energy sources.},
doi = {10.2172/6036173},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6036173}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1978},
month = {8}
}