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Title: Influence of chilling and drought on water relations and abscisic acid accumulation in bean

Abstract

Intact bean seedlings were subjected to either chilling (4{degree}C) or drought stress. Leaf water relations and abscisic acid (ABA) content were monitored throughout a stress-recovery cycle. Chilling at low relative humidity (RH) and drought caused similar water deficits, as indicated by the decline in relative water content and water potentials, but they had different effects on ABA accumulation. There was a rapid increase in ABA levels in the leaves of water-deprived plants while only slight ABA accumulation was observed after 48 h of chilling (4{degree}C). After 24 h cold treatment there were large changes in turgor but no change in ABA content. Plants chilled for 24 h accumulated ABA only when transferred to recovery conditions (20{degree}C, 90-95% RH, in the dark) to an extent that was related to the rate of leaf rehydration. When the chilling treatment was performed in a water-saturated atmosphere, plants did not suffer any water stress and ABA levels did not increase over a period of 48 h. However, when the chilling treatment lasted for a longer period (72 h), a significant increase in ABA levels was found also in the absence of water deficit. Experiments performed with leaf discs incubated in a mannitol solution (osmoticmore » potential {minus}1{center dot}6 MPa) at different temperatures indicated that low temperature markedly inhibits ABA synthesis and that water stress induces increases in ABA content only at non-limiting warm temperatures.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. (Universita degli Studi di Pisa (Italy))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5999807
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Australian Journal of Plant Physiology; (Australia); Journal Volume: 18:1
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ABSCISIC ACID; BIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS; DROUGHTS; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; PLANTS; TEMPERATURE EFFECTS; BEANS; BIOLOGICAL STRESS; MAPLES; MOISTURE; OAKS; POPLARS; SEEDLINGS; SYCAMORES; AUXINS; CARBOXYLIC ACIDS; FOOD; FUNCTIONS; MAGNOLIOPHYTA; MAGNOLIOPSIDA; MONOCARBOXYLIC ACIDS; ORGANIC ACIDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS; TREES; VEGETABLES; 551000* - Physiological Systems; 553000 - Agriculture & Food Technology; 090700 - Biomass Fuels- Resources- (1990-); 540220 - Environment, Terrestrial- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (1990-)

Citation Formats

Vernieri, P., Pardossi, A., and Tognoni, F.. Influence of chilling and drought on water relations and abscisic acid accumulation in bean. United States: N. p., 1991. Web. doi:10.1071/PP9910025.
Vernieri, P., Pardossi, A., & Tognoni, F.. Influence of chilling and drought on water relations and abscisic acid accumulation in bean. United States. doi:10.1071/PP9910025.
Vernieri, P., Pardossi, A., and Tognoni, F.. Tue . "Influence of chilling and drought on water relations and abscisic acid accumulation in bean". United States. doi:10.1071/PP9910025.
@article{osti_5999807,
title = {Influence of chilling and drought on water relations and abscisic acid accumulation in bean},
author = {Vernieri, P. and Pardossi, A. and Tognoni, F.},
abstractNote = {Intact bean seedlings were subjected to either chilling (4{degree}C) or drought stress. Leaf water relations and abscisic acid (ABA) content were monitored throughout a stress-recovery cycle. Chilling at low relative humidity (RH) and drought caused similar water deficits, as indicated by the decline in relative water content and water potentials, but they had different effects on ABA accumulation. There was a rapid increase in ABA levels in the leaves of water-deprived plants while only slight ABA accumulation was observed after 48 h of chilling (4{degree}C). After 24 h cold treatment there were large changes in turgor but no change in ABA content. Plants chilled for 24 h accumulated ABA only when transferred to recovery conditions (20{degree}C, 90-95% RH, in the dark) to an extent that was related to the rate of leaf rehydration. When the chilling treatment was performed in a water-saturated atmosphere, plants did not suffer any water stress and ABA levels did not increase over a period of 48 h. However, when the chilling treatment lasted for a longer period (72 h), a significant increase in ABA levels was found also in the absence of water deficit. Experiments performed with leaf discs incubated in a mannitol solution (osmotic potential {minus}1{center dot}6 MPa) at different temperatures indicated that low temperature markedly inhibits ABA synthesis and that water stress induces increases in ABA content only at non-limiting warm temperatures.},
doi = {10.1071/PP9910025},
journal = {Australian Journal of Plant Physiology; (Australia)},
number = ,
volume = 18:1,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1991},
month = {Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1991}
}