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Title: Reactions forming pyrite and marcasite from solution: 2. Via FeS precursors below 100C

Abstract

The formation of pyrite and marcasite from a FeS precursor has been examined experimentally. In aging experiments at 65C, the conversion of precursor amorphous FeS depends on these geologically relevant variables: concentration of sulfur-contributing species, acidity, redox state, time, Fe(II)/S(-II) ratio in solution, and addition of an organic ligand (citrate). The results indicate that pyrite and marcasite formation proceed at a significant rate only if intermediate sulfur species (i.e., polysulfides, polythionates, or thiosulfate) are present in solution. In the absence of any sulfur contributor or with only hydrogen sulfide or bisulfide present, no FeS{sub 2} formed within 16 days. Sulfidation of the precursor proceeds through progressively more sulfur-rich, Fe-S phases. Greigite is absent under very reduced environments. The conversion sequence found in this study is in good agreement with iron-sulfide distribution patterns found in modern marine sediments.

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. (Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park (United States))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5979330
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 55:6; Journal ID: ISSN 0016-7037
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; MARCASITE; NUCLEATION; PRECIPITATION; PYRITE; AMORPHOUS STATE; AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS; CHEMICAL REACTION KINETICS; CRYSTAL GROWTH; PH VALUE; VALENCE; DISPERSIONS; KINETICS; MINERALS; MIXTURES; REACTION KINETICS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SOLUTIONS; SULFIDE MINERALS; 580000* - Geosciences

Citation Formats

Schoonen, M.A.A., and Barnes, H.L.. Reactions forming pyrite and marcasite from solution: 2. Via FeS precursors below 100C. United States: N. p., 1991. Web. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(91)90123-M.
Schoonen, M.A.A., & Barnes, H.L.. Reactions forming pyrite and marcasite from solution: 2. Via FeS precursors below 100C. United States. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(91)90123-M.
Schoonen, M.A.A., and Barnes, H.L.. Sat . "Reactions forming pyrite and marcasite from solution: 2. Via FeS precursors below 100C". United States. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(91)90123-M.
@article{osti_5979330,
title = {Reactions forming pyrite and marcasite from solution: 2. Via FeS precursors below 100C},
author = {Schoonen, M.A.A. and Barnes, H.L.},
abstractNote = {The formation of pyrite and marcasite from a FeS precursor has been examined experimentally. In aging experiments at 65C, the conversion of precursor amorphous FeS depends on these geologically relevant variables: concentration of sulfur-contributing species, acidity, redox state, time, Fe(II)/S(-II) ratio in solution, and addition of an organic ligand (citrate). The results indicate that pyrite and marcasite formation proceed at a significant rate only if intermediate sulfur species (i.e., polysulfides, polythionates, or thiosulfate) are present in solution. In the absence of any sulfur contributor or with only hydrogen sulfide or bisulfide present, no FeS{sub 2} formed within 16 days. Sulfidation of the precursor proceeds through progressively more sulfur-rich, Fe-S phases. Greigite is absent under very reduced environments. The conversion sequence found in this study is in good agreement with iron-sulfide distribution patterns found in modern marine sediments.},
doi = {10.1016/0016-7037(91)90123-M},
journal = {Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta; (United States)},
issn = {0016-7037},
number = ,
volume = 55:6,
place = {United States},
year = {1991},
month = {6}
}