skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Vegetable oil fuels

Abstract

Fifty contributions (presentations) involving more than one hundred people worldwide were given at the International Conference on Plant and Vegetable Oils as Fuels. The proceedings were in Fargo, North Dakota, from August 2-4, 1982. The conference helped to promote renewable fuels, bio-oils, from plant and vegetable oils. Separate abstracts were prepared for 44 items for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5941707
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 5941707
Report Number(s):
CONF-820860-
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: International conference on plant and vegetable oils as fuels, Fargo, ND, USA, 2 Aug 1982; Related Information: ASAE Publication 4-82
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; VEGETABLE OILS; DIESEL FUELS; FUEL SUBSTITUTION; CHEMICAL PREPARATION; ECONOMICS; FUELS; LEADING ABSTRACT; PROCEEDINGS; SOYBEAN OIL; ABSTRACTS; DOCUMENT TYPES; ESTERS; LIPIDS; OILS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; SYNTHESIS; TRIGLYCERIDES 090122* -- Hydrocarbon Fuels-- Preparation from Wastes or Biomass-- (1976-1989); 140504 -- Solar Energy Conversion-- Biomass Production & Conversion-- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Not Available. Vegetable oil fuels. United States: N. p., 1982. Web.
Not Available. Vegetable oil fuels. United States.
Not Available. Fri . "Vegetable oil fuels". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_5941707,
title = {Vegetable oil fuels},
author = {Not Available},
abstractNote = {Fifty contributions (presentations) involving more than one hundred people worldwide were given at the International Conference on Plant and Vegetable Oils as Fuels. The proceedings were in Fargo, North Dakota, from August 2-4, 1982. The conference helped to promote renewable fuels, bio-oils, from plant and vegetable oils. Separate abstracts were prepared for 44 items for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1982},
month = {Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1982}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share:
  • A naturally aspirated, direct injected diesel engine was used to evaluate the performance and emissions characteristics of a crude soybean oil, a 50 percent (by volume) mixture of crude soybean oil and no. 2 diesel fuel, and a degummed soybean oil. The data were compared with previous tests conducted on the same engine using diesel fuel, crude sunflower oil and a 50 percent mixture of crude sunflower oil and diesel fuel. 18 refs.
  • A report is presented on the first International Conference on Plant and Vegetable Oils as Fuels held in Fargo, ND in August 1982. It included some 50 technical presentations, a panel discussion by representatives of engine manufacturers, plus special addresses by ASAE President G.W. Isaacs, US Senator Mark Andrews of North Dakota, and Nobel Prize winner Melvin Calvin, University of California, Berkeley. The proceedings, entitled Vegetable Oil Fuels are available from ASAE, 2950 Niles Rd., St. Joseph, MI 49085, $18.50 and $23.50 for members and non-members respectively.
  • A 25-75 blend (v/v) of alkali-refined sunflower oil and diesel fuel, a 25-75 blend (v/v) of high oleic safflower oil and diesel fuel, a non-ionic sunflower oil-aqueous ethanol microemulsion, and a methyl ester of sunflower oil were evaluated as fuels in a direct injected, turbo-charged, intercooled, 4-cylinder Allis-Chalmers diesel engine during 200-hour EMA cycle laboratory screening endurance tests. Engine performance on Phillips 2-D reference fuel served as baseline for the experimental fuels. The experiment was conducted to develop prediction equations to determine the effects of alternate fuels on long-term engine performance. Least squares regression procedures were used to analyze long-termmore » effects the test fuels had on engine performance and to simultaneously compare the test fuels. Several variables were used to measure engine performance. These response variables were volumetric fuel flow, energy input, power output, brake specific energy consumption, exhaust temperature and exhaust smoke. The predictor variables were time of the EMA cycle and fuel type. Two multivariate tests were performed in this analysis. The first tested the significance of time on the response variable. The second tested the fuel effect. Both tests were significant. The results of the univariate regressions indicated that time had a significant effect only on exhaust temperature. In all other cases, time was not a factor. However, significant difference in the intercepts of the prediction equations were found between tested fuels.« less
  • A 25-75 blend (v/v) of alkali-refined sunflower oil and diesel fuel, a 25-75 blend (v/v) of high oleic safflower oil and diesel fuel, a non-ionic sunflower oil-aqueous ethanol microemulsion, and a methyl ester of sunflower oil were evaluated as fuels in a direct injected, turbocharged, intercooled, 4-cylinder Allis-Chalmers diesel engine during a 200-hour EMA cycle laboratory screening endurance test. Engine performance on Phillips 2-D reference fuel served as baseline for the experimental fuels. This investigation employed an analysis of variance to compare CRC carbon and lacquer ratings and wear of engine parts for all tested fuels. The paper deals withmore » carbon and lacquer formation and its effect on long-term engine performance as experienced during the operation with the alternate fuels. Significantly heavier deposits than for the diesel fuel were observed for the microemulsion and 25-75 sunflower oil blend. particularly on the exhaust and intake valve stems, on the piston lands, and in the piston grooves. In all tests engine wear was not significant. The final dimensions of the measured elements did not exceed the manufacturer's initial parts specifications.« less
  • Energy inputs and outputs were comparatively analyzed for II vegetable oil fuels. Three-year average prices and production quantities were also compared. All nonirrigated oils and favorable energy ratios were studied. Soybean oil was especially promising as a fuel source.