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Title: Case history development of a hybrid poplar nursery at Reynolds Metals Company, Massena, New York. Final report

Abstract

Intensive cultivation of fast-growing hardwoods, such as hybrid poplars, is a promising method of assuring adequate supplies of biomass for energy purposes. This report details the establishment of a hybrid poplar nursery on formerly unused land at the Reynolds Metals Company's reduction plant in Massena, NY and presents the results obtained during the first growing season. Cuttings from the nursery replanted during the Spring of 1982 are the first phase of a 600-acre hybrid poplar plantation at the Reynolds site.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Marler (R.L.), White Stone, VA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5917994
Report Number(s):
PB-83-191668
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; NEW YORK; BIOMASS PLANTATIONS; POPLARS; CULTIVATION; CUTTING; ENERGY SOURCE DEVELOPMENT; PLANT GROWTH; FEDERAL REGION II; GROWTH; MACHINING; NORTH AMERICA; PLANTS; TREES; USA 140504* -- Solar Energy Conversion-- Biomass Production & Conversion-- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Marler, R.L.. Case history development of a hybrid poplar nursery at Reynolds Metals Company, Massena, New York. Final report. United States: N. p., 1981. Web.
Marler, R.L.. Case history development of a hybrid poplar nursery at Reynolds Metals Company, Massena, New York. Final report. United States.
Marler, R.L.. 1981. "Case history development of a hybrid poplar nursery at Reynolds Metals Company, Massena, New York. Final report". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_5917994,
title = {Case history development of a hybrid poplar nursery at Reynolds Metals Company, Massena, New York. Final report},
author = {Marler, R.L.},
abstractNote = {Intensive cultivation of fast-growing hardwoods, such as hybrid poplars, is a promising method of assuring adequate supplies of biomass for energy purposes. This report details the establishment of a hybrid poplar nursery on formerly unused land at the Reynolds Metals Company's reduction plant in Massena, NY and presents the results obtained during the first growing season. Cuttings from the nursery replanted during the Spring of 1982 are the first phase of a 600-acre hybrid poplar plantation at the Reynolds site.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1981,
month =
}

Technical Report:
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  • The methods used to establish the hybrid poplar nursery and the results obtained in the first year's operation are discussed. It also documents the history of the project. Hybrid poplar clones were established in the nursery in 1980 and their growth performance was evaluated after one growing season. The results were most promising. The mean survivability rate ranged from 84.92% to 90.58% per clone, while the clone height growth ranged from 58.16 inches to 76.47 inches over the first growing season. Approximately 71,000 cuttings were estimated to be available for outplanting during the Spring of 1982.
  • This decision document presents the selected remedial action for the Reynolds Metals Company Site Study Area, in Massena, New York. The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) strongly supports the proposed dredging of contaminated sediments from the river, agrees with EPA's cleanup levels for the Site, and agrees with and supports the concept of using the Black Mud Pond for the disposal of untreated sediments and treatment residuals. This action or 'operable unit' is the first and only operable unit planned by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for the Reynolds Metals Company Site Study Area and addresses themore » principal threat posed by contaminated sediments in this Area by utilizing a mixed treatment/containment remedy for these contaminated sediments.« less
  • Despite surveying with ground-penetrating radar and trenching at four different locations, no earthquake induced sand dikes were observed at the site where three sand fissures were documented by Berkey following the 1944 Massena, New York-Cornwall, Ontario, earthquake. The site was found to be very disturbed by human activity, especially road building related to the construction of the St. Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt Power Project. Sand diapirs and dewatering structures were observed in two of the trenches. These features may be related to incipient liquefaction but their origin is equivocal. The epicentral location of the 1944 earthquake probably occurred within 10 kmmore » of the site; therefore, the epicentral distance of this site of liquefaction is within the expected range even for western earthquakes of similar magnitude. A nearshore sandy facies of a glaciolacustrine deposit is thought to be the material that liquefied during the 1944 event. A geotechnical investigation that would have assessed the liquefaction potential of subsurface materials at the site was canceled due to downsizing at Ontario Hydro. Until a geotechnical investigation is conducted, additional trenching seems unwarranted. Poor cutbank exposures limited a search for liquefaction features in the Massena area.« less
  • Currently, there are many structurally-deficient and obsolete bridges in the US highway system. The expected cost for repair and replacement is enormous; therefore, more cost-effective materials and construction methodology must be sought. Reynolds Metals Company formed a vertical consortium to develop and market a cost-effective, innovative, lightweight, corrosion resistant aluminum bridge deck system based on hollow aluminum shapes that could be welded together in the shop to form deck panels. Panels would be shipped to the construction sites for final assembly, which uses connections along longitudinal edges. These deck panels would replace conventional steel or concrete panels. An epoxy-gravel wearingmore » surface would be applied to the top side of the deck to provide a durable, skid-resistant surface. However, before this deck system could be widely utilized, the overall structural integrity had to be fully demonstrated. Reynolds Metals Company and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORN L) entered in a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to conduct a number of fundamental investigations into potentially critical technical areas over approximately a four-year period.« less
  • The Reynolds Metals Company in Troutdale, Oregon, is a primary aluminum plant. When operating, the plant produced wastes that were contaminated with aluminum, mercury, fluoride, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and cyanide. Studies are currently underway to determine the extent of environmental contamination and subsequent clean-up efforts which will be required. People may be exposed to contaminated soils and sediments in the area bordering the Columbia and Sandy rivers. Contamination at the site may have contributed to contamination of fish in the Columbia River, although it is difficult to determine what effect the site may have. Workers atmore » the Reynolds site may also be exposed to contaminated soils and sediments, particularly those workers who are involved in outdoor activities.« less