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Title: Depositional and tectonic framework of lower to middle Eocene Swauk Formation, eastern Swauk basin - a model for early Tertiary basin development beneath Columbia plateau

Abstract

The Eocene Swauk basin formed between the Straight Creek and Entiat-Leavenworth fault systems and is one of several early Tertiary strike-slip basins in the Pacific Northwest. The basin is approximately 50 km wide, contains as much as 10,000 m of nonmarine deposits, and lies 30-70 km north of an area of recent hydrocarbon exploration in the Columbia Plateau region of central Washington. Sedimentologic and tectonic studies of exposed portions of the Swauk basin are useful for developing exploration plays to the south. The lower to middle Eocene Swauk Formation (> 4800 m thick) comprises a large portion of basin fill and is the primary concern of their study. Depositional characteristics of the Swauk Formation include: (1) rapid nonmarine deposition in alluvial-fan, braided-river, meandering-river(.), lacustrine-deltaic, and lacustrine environments, (2) abrupt lateral and vertical facies changes, (3) numerous fault-controlled reversals of paleo-drainage, and (4) arkosic detritus derived from plutonic and meta-plutonic source areas to the east, north, and west(.). The presence of interbedded pyroclastic deposits and intrusive mafic dikes implies high intra-basin heat flow. Postdepositional folding was controlled by wrench-style deformation along basin-margin faults. These characteristics indicate strong and varied tectonic controls on the evolution of Swauk basin. Given the regional strike-slipmore » setting and structural trends, a similar style of basin development seems likely for correlative early Tertiary strata to the south, beneath the Columbia River Plateau. Thus, their data provide a foundation for planning exploration strategies in this frontier province.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Washington State Univ., Pullman
OSTI Identifier:
5905879
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 5905879
Report Number(s):
CONF-870915-
Journal ID: CODEN: AABUD
Resource Type:
Conference
Journal Name:
AAPG (Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol.) Bull.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 71:8; Conference: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Rocky Mountain Section meeting, Boise, ID, USA, 13 Sep 1987
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; OREGON; PETROLEUM DEPOSITS; EXPLORATION; WASHINGTON; ALLUVIAL DEPOSITS; GEOLOGIC FAULTS; GEOLOGIC FORMATIONS; SEDIMENTARY BASINS; TECTONICS; TERTIARY PERIOD; CENOZOIC ERA; FEDERAL REGION X; GEOLOGIC AGES; GEOLOGIC DEPOSITS; GEOLOGIC FRACTURES; GEOLOGIC STRUCTURES; MINERAL RESOURCES; NORTH AMERICA; RESOURCES; USA 020200* -- Petroleum-- Reserves, Geology, & Exploration

Citation Formats

Taylor, S.B., Johnson, S.Y., Fraser, G.T., and Roberts, J.W. Depositional and tectonic framework of lower to middle Eocene Swauk Formation, eastern Swauk basin - a model for early Tertiary basin development beneath Columbia plateau. United States: N. p., 1987. Web.
Taylor, S.B., Johnson, S.Y., Fraser, G.T., & Roberts, J.W. Depositional and tectonic framework of lower to middle Eocene Swauk Formation, eastern Swauk basin - a model for early Tertiary basin development beneath Columbia plateau. United States.
Taylor, S.B., Johnson, S.Y., Fraser, G.T., and Roberts, J.W. Sat . "Depositional and tectonic framework of lower to middle Eocene Swauk Formation, eastern Swauk basin - a model for early Tertiary basin development beneath Columbia plateau". United States.
@article{osti_5905879,
title = {Depositional and tectonic framework of lower to middle Eocene Swauk Formation, eastern Swauk basin - a model for early Tertiary basin development beneath Columbia plateau},
author = {Taylor, S.B. and Johnson, S.Y. and Fraser, G.T. and Roberts, J.W.},
abstractNote = {The Eocene Swauk basin formed between the Straight Creek and Entiat-Leavenworth fault systems and is one of several early Tertiary strike-slip basins in the Pacific Northwest. The basin is approximately 50 km wide, contains as much as 10,000 m of nonmarine deposits, and lies 30-70 km north of an area of recent hydrocarbon exploration in the Columbia Plateau region of central Washington. Sedimentologic and tectonic studies of exposed portions of the Swauk basin are useful for developing exploration plays to the south. The lower to middle Eocene Swauk Formation (> 4800 m thick) comprises a large portion of basin fill and is the primary concern of their study. Depositional characteristics of the Swauk Formation include: (1) rapid nonmarine deposition in alluvial-fan, braided-river, meandering-river(.), lacustrine-deltaic, and lacustrine environments, (2) abrupt lateral and vertical facies changes, (3) numerous fault-controlled reversals of paleo-drainage, and (4) arkosic detritus derived from plutonic and meta-plutonic source areas to the east, north, and west(.). The presence of interbedded pyroclastic deposits and intrusive mafic dikes implies high intra-basin heat flow. Postdepositional folding was controlled by wrench-style deformation along basin-margin faults. These characteristics indicate strong and varied tectonic controls on the evolution of Swauk basin. Given the regional strike-slip setting and structural trends, a similar style of basin development seems likely for correlative early Tertiary strata to the south, beneath the Columbia River Plateau. Thus, their data provide a foundation for planning exploration strategies in this frontier province.},
doi = {},
journal = {AAPG (Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol.) Bull.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 71:8,
place = {United States},
year = {1987},
month = {8}
}

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