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Title: Electrochemical cells having alkali metal anodes and electrolyte salt complex compositions including haloorganometallic alkali metal salt complexes. [TiS/sub 2/ cathode]

Abstract

Electrochemical cells having alkali metal anodes, e.g., lithium batteries, are described which contain electrolytically active alkali metal salt complexes including haloorganometallic alkali metal salt complexes having the formula ZMR/sub n/K/sub i/, wherein Z is an alkali metal, M is a metal selected from the group consisting of Zn, Cd, B, Al, Ga, In, Tl, Sn (stannous), P and As, the Rs are specified haloorganic radicals, the Xs are selected from various halides, alkyls, aryls, alkaryls, and aralkyls, and n and i are numerical values the sum of which is equal to one plus the valence of the metal M, subject to the proviso that, if n is zero, at least one X is an organic radical. Rechargeable, high-energy-density electrochemical cells containing an anode having an alkali metal as its active material, a cathode having as its active material a transition metal chalcogenide, and in electrolyte composition of the above-described type are also described. 7 tables.

Inventors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5881587
Patent Number(s):
US 4139681
Assignee:
Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: Filed date 2 Mar 1978
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERIES; ELECTROLYTES; METAL-NONMETAL BATTERIES; SODIUM-SULFUR BATTERIES; ALKALI METAL COMPLEXES; ALUMINIUM COMPOUNDS; ARSENIC COMPOUNDS; BORON COMPOUNDS; CADMIUM COMPOUNDS; CHEMICAL PREPARATION; GALLIUM COMPOUNDS; HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; INDIUM COMPOUNDS; LITHIUM; ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; PHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS; SODIUM; TANTALUM COMPOUNDS; TIN COMPOUNDS; TITANIUM SULFIDES; ZINC COMPOUNDS; ALKALI METALS; CHALCOGENIDES; COMPLEXES; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; ELEMENTS; ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS; METALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; SULFIDES; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SYNTHESIS; TITANIUM COMPOUNDS; TRANSITION ELEMENT COMPOUNDS; 250903* - Energy Storage- Batteries- Materials, Components, & Auxiliaries

Citation Formats

Klemann, L P, Newman, G H, and Stogryn, E L. Electrochemical cells having alkali metal anodes and electrolyte salt complex compositions including haloorganometallic alkali metal salt complexes. [TiS/sub 2/ cathode]. United States: N. p., 1979. Web.
Klemann, L P, Newman, G H, & Stogryn, E L. Electrochemical cells having alkali metal anodes and electrolyte salt complex compositions including haloorganometallic alkali metal salt complexes. [TiS/sub 2/ cathode]. United States.
Klemann, L P, Newman, G H, and Stogryn, E L. Tue . "Electrochemical cells having alkali metal anodes and electrolyte salt complex compositions including haloorganometallic alkali metal salt complexes. [TiS/sub 2/ cathode]". United States.
@article{osti_5881587,
title = {Electrochemical cells having alkali metal anodes and electrolyte salt complex compositions including haloorganometallic alkali metal salt complexes. [TiS/sub 2/ cathode]},
author = {Klemann, L P and Newman, G H and Stogryn, E L},
abstractNote = {Electrochemical cells having alkali metal anodes, e.g., lithium batteries, are described which contain electrolytically active alkali metal salt complexes including haloorganometallic alkali metal salt complexes having the formula ZMR/sub n/K/sub i/, wherein Z is an alkali metal, M is a metal selected from the group consisting of Zn, Cd, B, Al, Ga, In, Tl, Sn (stannous), P and As, the Rs are specified haloorganic radicals, the Xs are selected from various halides, alkyls, aryls, alkaryls, and aralkyls, and n and i are numerical values the sum of which is equal to one plus the valence of the metal M, subject to the proviso that, if n is zero, at least one X is an organic radical. Rechargeable, high-energy-density electrochemical cells containing an anode having an alkali metal as its active material, a cathode having as its active material a transition metal chalcogenide, and in electrolyte composition of the above-described type are also described. 7 tables.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {2}
}