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Title: Planning guidance for nuclear-power-plant decontamination. [PWR; BWR]

Abstract

Direct and indirect costs of decontamination are considered in the benefit-cost analysis. A generic form of the benefit-cost ratio is evaluated in monetary and nonmonetary terms, and values of dollar per man-rem are cited. Federal and state agencies that may have jurisiction over various aspects of decontamination and waste disposal activities are identified. Methods of decontamination, their general effectiveness, and the advantages and disadvantages of each are outlined. Dilute or concentrated chemical solutions are usually used in-situ to dissolve the contamination layer and a thin layer of the underlying substrate. Electrochemical techniques are generally limited to components but show high decontamination effectiveness with uniform corrosion. Mechanical agents are particularly appropriate for certain out-of-system surfaces and disassembled parts. These processes are catagorized and specific concerns are discussed. The treatment, storage, and disposal or discharge or discharge of liquid, gaseous, and solid wastes generated during the decontamination process are discussed. Radioactive and other hazardous chemical wastes are considered. The monitoring, treatment, and control of radioactive and nonradioactive effluents, from both routine operations and possible accidents, are discussed. Protecting the health and safety of personnel onsite during decontamination is of prime importance and should be considered in each facet of the decontamination process.more » The radiation protection philosophy of reducing exposure to levels as low as reasonably achievable should be stressed. These issues are discussed.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5876176
Report Number(s):
NUREG/CR-2963; PNL-4585
ON: DE83014579
DOE Contract Number:  
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; BWR TYPE REACTORS; DECONTAMINATION; ECONOMICS; PLANNING; RADIATION PROTECTION; RADIOACTIVE WASTE PROCESSING; PWR TYPE REACTORS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COST; RADIATION HAZARDS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; REACTOR MAINTENANCE; CLEANING; HAZARDS; HEALTH HAZARDS; MAINTENANCE; MANAGEMENT; PROCESSING; REACTORS; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE PROCESSING; WATER COOLED REACTORS; WATER MODERATED REACTORS; 210100* - Power Reactors, Nonbreeding, Light-Water Moderated, Boiling Water Cooled; 210200 - Power Reactors, Nonbreeding, Light-Water Moderated, Nonboiling Water Cooled

Citation Formats

Munson, L F, Divine, J R, and Martin, J B. Planning guidance for nuclear-power-plant decontamination. [PWR; BWR]. United States: N. p., 1983. Web. doi:10.2172/5876176.
Munson, L F, Divine, J R, & Martin, J B. Planning guidance for nuclear-power-plant decontamination. [PWR; BWR]. United States. doi:10.2172/5876176.
Munson, L F, Divine, J R, and Martin, J B. Wed . "Planning guidance for nuclear-power-plant decontamination. [PWR; BWR]". United States. doi:10.2172/5876176. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/5876176.
@article{osti_5876176,
title = {Planning guidance for nuclear-power-plant decontamination. [PWR; BWR]},
author = {Munson, L F and Divine, J R and Martin, J B},
abstractNote = {Direct and indirect costs of decontamination are considered in the benefit-cost analysis. A generic form of the benefit-cost ratio is evaluated in monetary and nonmonetary terms, and values of dollar per man-rem are cited. Federal and state agencies that may have jurisiction over various aspects of decontamination and waste disposal activities are identified. Methods of decontamination, their general effectiveness, and the advantages and disadvantages of each are outlined. Dilute or concentrated chemical solutions are usually used in-situ to dissolve the contamination layer and a thin layer of the underlying substrate. Electrochemical techniques are generally limited to components but show high decontamination effectiveness with uniform corrosion. Mechanical agents are particularly appropriate for certain out-of-system surfaces and disassembled parts. These processes are catagorized and specific concerns are discussed. The treatment, storage, and disposal or discharge or discharge of liquid, gaseous, and solid wastes generated during the decontamination process are discussed. Radioactive and other hazardous chemical wastes are considered. The monitoring, treatment, and control of radioactive and nonradioactive effluents, from both routine operations and possible accidents, are discussed. Protecting the health and safety of personnel onsite during decontamination is of prime importance and should be considered in each facet of the decontamination process. The radiation protection philosophy of reducing exposure to levels as low as reasonably achievable should be stressed. These issues are discussed.},
doi = {10.2172/5876176},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1983},
month = {6}
}