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Title: Performance and economics analysis of several laser fusion breeder fueled electricity generation systems

Abstract

The paper evaluates the potential of several future electricity generating systems composed of laser fusion-driven breeder reactors that provide fissile fuel for current technology light water fission power reactors (LWRs). The performance and economic feasibility of four fusion breeder blanket technologies for laser fusion drivers, namely uranium fast fission (UFF) blankets, uranium-thorium fast fission (UTFF) blankets, thorium fast fission (TFF) blankets and thorium-suppressed fission (TSF) blankets, are considered, including design and costs of two kinds, fixed (indirect) costs associated with plant capital and variable (direct) costs associated with fuel processing and operation and maintenance. Results indicate that the UTFF and TFF systems produce electricity most inexpensively and that any of the four breeder blanket concepts, including the TSF and UFF systems, can produce electricity for about 25 to 33% above the cost of electricity produced by a new LWR operating on the current once-through cycle. It is suggested that fusion breeders could supply most or all of our fissile fuel makeup requirements within about 20 years after commercial introduction.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
TRW, Inc., Redondo Beach, CA
OSTI Identifier:
5779843
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nucl. Technol./Fusion; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; HYBRID REACTORS; ECONOMICS; PERFORMANCE; LASER FUSION REACTORS; BREEDING; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; NUCLEAR FUELS; POWER GENERATION; ENERGY SOURCES; FUELS; MATERIALS; NUCLEAR FUEL CONVERSION; REACTOR MATERIALS; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS; 700208* - Fusion Power Plant Technology- Inertial Confinement Technology

Citation Formats

Berwald, D H, and Maniscalco, J A. Performance and economics analysis of several laser fusion breeder fueled electricity generation systems. United States: N. p., 1981. Web.
Berwald, D H, & Maniscalco, J A. Performance and economics analysis of several laser fusion breeder fueled electricity generation systems. United States.
Berwald, D H, and Maniscalco, J A. Thu . "Performance and economics analysis of several laser fusion breeder fueled electricity generation systems". United States.
@article{osti_5779843,
title = {Performance and economics analysis of several laser fusion breeder fueled electricity generation systems},
author = {Berwald, D H and Maniscalco, J A},
abstractNote = {The paper evaluates the potential of several future electricity generating systems composed of laser fusion-driven breeder reactors that provide fissile fuel for current technology light water fission power reactors (LWRs). The performance and economic feasibility of four fusion breeder blanket technologies for laser fusion drivers, namely uranium fast fission (UFF) blankets, uranium-thorium fast fission (UTFF) blankets, thorium fast fission (TFF) blankets and thorium-suppressed fission (TSF) blankets, are considered, including design and costs of two kinds, fixed (indirect) costs associated with plant capital and variable (direct) costs associated with fuel processing and operation and maintenance. Results indicate that the UTFF and TFF systems produce electricity most inexpensively and that any of the four breeder blanket concepts, including the TSF and UFF systems, can produce electricity for about 25 to 33% above the cost of electricity produced by a new LWR operating on the current once-through cycle. It is suggested that fusion breeders could supply most or all of our fissile fuel makeup requirements within about 20 years after commercial introduction.},
doi = {},
journal = {Nucl. Technol./Fusion; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 1,
place = {United States},
year = {1981},
month = {1}
}