skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Environmental pathway models for estimating population health effects from disposal of high-level radioactive waste in geologic repositories. Final report

Abstract

As part of its program to develop environmental standards for disposal of high-level radioactive wastes, the Environmental Protection Agency estimated population health risks for 10,000 years after disposal in mined geologic repositories (EPA85a). This report describes the mathematical models formulated to calculate the environmental risk commitments (ERC's - fatal cancers and serious genetic effects to all generations) that could occur as a result of releases from such repositories. The report also identifies the data chosen to use in these models and presents estimates of the premature fatal cancers caused per unit of radionuclide released to the accessible environment.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Environmental Protection Agency, Montgomery, AL (USA). Eastern Environmental Radiation Facility
OSTI Identifier:
5778787
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 5778787; Legacy ID: TI86901474
Report Number(s):
EPA/520/5-85-026
ON: TI86901474
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE PATHWAY; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; RADIATION HAZARDS; C CODES; DOSE COMMITMENTS; HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; HUMAN POPULATIONS; NEOPLASMS; R CODES; RISK ASSESSMENT; UNDERGROUND DISPOSAL; COMPUTER CODES; DISEASES; HAZARDS; HEALTH HAZARDS; MANAGEMENT; MATERIALS; POPULATIONS; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES 054000* -- Nuclear Fuels-- Health & Safety; 052002 -- Nuclear Fuels-- Waste Disposal & Storage; 560161 -- Radionuclide Effects, Kinetics, & Toxicology-- Man

Citation Formats

Smith, J.M., Fowler, T.W., and Goldin, A.S. Environmental pathway models for estimating population health effects from disposal of high-level radioactive waste in geologic repositories. Final report. United States: N. p., 1986. Web.
Smith, J.M., Fowler, T.W., & Goldin, A.S. Environmental pathway models for estimating population health effects from disposal of high-level radioactive waste in geologic repositories. Final report. United States.
Smith, J.M., Fowler, T.W., and Goldin, A.S. Thu . "Environmental pathway models for estimating population health effects from disposal of high-level radioactive waste in geologic repositories. Final report". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_5778787,
title = {Environmental pathway models for estimating population health effects from disposal of high-level radioactive waste in geologic repositories. Final report},
author = {Smith, J.M. and Fowler, T.W. and Goldin, A.S.},
abstractNote = {As part of its program to develop environmental standards for disposal of high-level radioactive wastes, the Environmental Protection Agency estimated population health risks for 10,000 years after disposal in mined geologic repositories (EPA85a). This report describes the mathematical models formulated to calculate the environmental risk commitments (ERC's - fatal cancers and serious genetic effects to all generations) that could occur as a result of releases from such repositories. The report also identifies the data chosen to use in these models and presents estimates of the premature fatal cancers caused per unit of radionuclide released to the accessible environment.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu May 01 00:00:00 EDT 1986},
month = {Thu May 01 00:00:00 EDT 1986}
}

Technical Report:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that may hold this item. Keep in mind that many technical reports are not cataloged in WorldCat.

Save / Share:
  • This technical report presents the methodology used to assess the long-term population risks from projected releases of waste from a geologic repository. It describes the models that the Agency developed specifically expects that population distributions, food chains, and living habits may change dramatically over 10,000 years. Rather than attempt to predict such changes, this methodology uses very general models of environmental pathways that consider present values for the various parameters used in the models.
  • This technical report presents these assessments of long-term repository performance. It describes the models that the Agency developed specifically for this project, reviews the various assumptions made, and identifies the data used in these models. In general a relatively simple analytical methodology was formulated that should tend to overestimate the long-term risks from geologic repositories. Because much of this methodology is new, and because these risk assessments are a key part of our rulemaking, the Agency is publishing this as a draft report. During the public comment period on 40 CFR 191, a Subcommittee of the Agency's Science Advisory Boardmore » will conduct an independent technical review of our risk assessments (48 FR 509). All meetings of this Subcommittee will be announced in the Federal Register and will be open to the public.« less
  • The purpose of this report is to identify and briefly discuss those processes and parameters which are believed to be important to assessments of the post-closure performance of a geologic repository for high-level radioactive waste. Particular emphasis is given to estimation of uncertainties in the calculation of long-term collective dose and health effects. The discussion is divided into three parts: (1) determination of the critical radionuclides in the waste inventory in terms of potential health detriment to man; (2) identification of processes and parameters of importance to estimating the transport of radionuclides between a repository and the biosphere, based onmore » the assumption that groundwater flow is the mode of transport; and (3) an examination of some critical parameters for estimating long-term collective dose and health effects following release of long-lived radionuclides to the biosphere. This report provides an introduction to a more detailed analysis, which is currently being performed, of the uncertainties inherent in estimates of long-time radiological impacts on man resulting from geologic disposal of high-level waste.« less
  • The technical report presents the methodology used to assess the potential annual individual doses and human exposure and geologic media contamination probabilities from projected releases of radioisotopes from a geologic repository. It describes the models that the Environmental Protection Agency employed for this analysis and review the various assumptions which were made. Since this analysis is necessarily generic in nature, the methodology uses very general models of environmental pathways and considers a range of values for the various parameters used in the models.
  • The purpose of this environmental impact statement (EIS) is to provide information on potential environmental impacts that could result from a Proposed Action to construct, operate and monitor, and eventually close a geologic repository for the disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste at the Yucca Mountain site in Nye County, Nevada. The EIS also provides information on potential environmental impacts from an alternative referred to as the No-Action Alternative, under which there would be no development of a geologic repository at Yucca Mountain.