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Title: Evaluation of a direct injection nebulizer interface for flow injection analysis and high performance liquid chromatography with inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopic detection

Abstract

A direct injection nebulizer (DIN) was designed, developed, and evaluated to determine its potential utilization as an effective interface for flow injection analysis (FIA) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopic detection. The analytical figures of merit for the DIN when used as an interface for FIA-ICP-AES were found to be comparable to or better than those obtained with conventional pneumatic nebulization in terms of limits of detection (LODs), reproducibility, linearity, and interelement effects. Stable plasma operation was maintained for the DIN sample introduction of a variety of pure organic solvents, including acetonitrile, methanol, methylisobutylketone, and pyridine. The HPLC-DIN-ICP-AES facility was specifically applied for the speciation of inorganic and organometallic species contained in synthetic mixtures, vanilla extracts, and a variety of energy-related materials, such as shale oil process water, coal extracts, shale oil, crude oil, and an SRC II. Suggestions for future research are also considered. 227 refs., 44 figs., 15 tabs.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Lab., IA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5752793
Report Number(s):
IS-T-1227
ON: DE86012671
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-82
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products. Thesis
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ARSENIC; LIQUID COLUMN CHROMATOGRAPHY; CHROMIUM; COBALT; IRON; PETROLEUM; MULTI-ELEMENT ANALYSIS; SELENIUM; SHALE OIL; SHALE TAR WATER; SULFUR; COAL LIQUEFACTION; DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS; EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; PLASMA; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; CHROMATOGRAPHY; DATA; ELEMENTS; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; INFORMATION; LIQUEFACTION; LIQUID WASTES; METALS; MINERAL OILS; NONMETALS; NUMERICAL DATA; OILS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; SEMIMETALS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SPECTROSCOPY; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; WASTE WATER; WASTES; WATER; 400102* - Chemical & Spectral Procedures; 400104 - Spectral Procedures- (-1987); 400301 - Organic Chemistry- Chemical & Physicochemical Properties- (-1987)

Citation Formats

LaFreniere, K.E. Evaluation of a direct injection nebulizer interface for flow injection analysis and high performance liquid chromatography with inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopic detection. United States: N. p., 1986. Web.
LaFreniere, K.E. Evaluation of a direct injection nebulizer interface for flow injection analysis and high performance liquid chromatography with inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopic detection. United States.
LaFreniere, K.E. Sun . "Evaluation of a direct injection nebulizer interface for flow injection analysis and high performance liquid chromatography with inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopic detection". United States.
@article{osti_5752793,
title = {Evaluation of a direct injection nebulizer interface for flow injection analysis and high performance liquid chromatography with inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopic detection},
author = {LaFreniere, K.E.},
abstractNote = {A direct injection nebulizer (DIN) was designed, developed, and evaluated to determine its potential utilization as an effective interface for flow injection analysis (FIA) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopic detection. The analytical figures of merit for the DIN when used as an interface for FIA-ICP-AES were found to be comparable to or better than those obtained with conventional pneumatic nebulization in terms of limits of detection (LODs), reproducibility, linearity, and interelement effects. Stable plasma operation was maintained for the DIN sample introduction of a variety of pure organic solvents, including acetonitrile, methanol, methylisobutylketone, and pyridine. The HPLC-DIN-ICP-AES facility was specifically applied for the speciation of inorganic and organometallic species contained in synthetic mixtures, vanilla extracts, and a variety of energy-related materials, such as shale oil process water, coal extracts, shale oil, crude oil, and an SRC II. Suggestions for future research are also considered. 227 refs., 44 figs., 15 tabs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 1986},
month = {Sun Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 1986}
}

Technical Report:
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