skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Solar heated commercial wood drying kiln

Abstract

A project involving the demonstration of active solar heating - flat plate air collector techniques applied to the lumber kiln drying process is presented. This demonstration included the detailed building and mechanical planning, design, product research, construction and use with monitoring of a SOLAR KILN. The solar kiln was sized for small scale commercial kiln drying needs (up to 4000 board feet per load) and incorporated techniques and technology appropriate for small scale and remote rural locations. The project site, located in the Sierra foothills of California, elevation 3000 feet (1600 Btu/day-ft/sup 2/ average daily solar insolation); is not served by the electrical utilities. To provide power for the air circulating direct current blower motor, a photovoltaic array was incorporated into the kiln construction. The solar kiln is derivative of other small scale flat plate air collector kilns previously built in the United States, most notably the experimental kiln work at the United States Forest Products Laboratory. However, this project more thorougly addressed the need for even temperature controls by increasing the efficiency of the collectors and incorporating thermal storage (rock bins) to reduce night time and cloudy day temperature fluctuations. Through a 12 month testing period, the solar kilnmore » has proven effective as a low cost alternate to air drying for relatively rapid, controlled, drying of local hardwoods.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Gold (Jeff), North San Juan, CA (USA); Boyd (Bruce), North San Juan, CA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5748162
Report Number(s):
DOE/R9/50025-T1
ON: DE85013405
DOE Contract Number:  
FG03-80R950025
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; SOLAR KILNS; CONSTRUCTION; DESIGN; WOOD; SOLAR DRYING; COST ESTIMATION; FLAT PLATE COLLECTORS; PERFORMANCE; SOLAR CELL ARRAYS; DRYING; EQUIPMENT; KILNS; SOLAR COLLECTORS; SOLAR EQUIPMENT; 140909* - Solar Thermal Utilization- Miscellaneous Solar Applications- (1980-)

Citation Formats

Gold, J, and Boyd, B. Solar heated commercial wood drying kiln. United States: N. p., 1982. Web.
Gold, J, & Boyd, B. Solar heated commercial wood drying kiln. United States.
Gold, J, and Boyd, B. Sun . "Solar heated commercial wood drying kiln". United States.
@article{osti_5748162,
title = {Solar heated commercial wood drying kiln},
author = {Gold, J and Boyd, B},
abstractNote = {A project involving the demonstration of active solar heating - flat plate air collector techniques applied to the lumber kiln drying process is presented. This demonstration included the detailed building and mechanical planning, design, product research, construction and use with monitoring of a SOLAR KILN. The solar kiln was sized for small scale commercial kiln drying needs (up to 4000 board feet per load) and incorporated techniques and technology appropriate for small scale and remote rural locations. The project site, located in the Sierra foothills of California, elevation 3000 feet (1600 Btu/day-ft/sup 2/ average daily solar insolation); is not served by the electrical utilities. To provide power for the air circulating direct current blower motor, a photovoltaic array was incorporated into the kiln construction. The solar kiln is derivative of other small scale flat plate air collector kilns previously built in the United States, most notably the experimental kiln work at the United States Forest Products Laboratory. However, this project more thorougly addressed the need for even temperature controls by increasing the efficiency of the collectors and incorporating thermal storage (rock bins) to reduce night time and cloudy day temperature fluctuations. Through a 12 month testing period, the solar kiln has proven effective as a low cost alternate to air drying for relatively rapid, controlled, drying of local hardwoods.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1982},
month = {10}
}

Technical Report:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that may hold this item. Keep in mind that many technical reports are not cataloged in WorldCat.

Save / Share: