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Title: Exhaust gas emissions of butanol, ethanol, and methanol-gasoline blends

Abstract

This paper reports on emissions levels for CO, NO{sub x}, and unburned fuel (UBF) from a stationary four-cylinder Chrysler engine measured under a variety of operating conditions for gasoline and three different 20 vol percent alcohol-gasoline blends. In tests of separate isobutanol, ethanol, and methanol blends, lower CO and CO{sub x} emissions were observed for the alcohol blends relative to gasoline, particularly for fuel-rich operation. Generally, on a volume (mole) basis unburned fuel emissions were highest for methanol blends and lowest for gasoline, but on a mass or OMHCE basis only small differences were noted. For a given fuel, the separate effects of engine speed, load, and equivalence ratio were examined.

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Clemson Univ., Clemson, SC (US)
  2. West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (US)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5742020
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 113:3; Journal ID: ISSN 0742-4795
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 10 SYNTHETIC FUELS; AUTOMOTIVE FUELS; EXHAUST GASES; FUEL SUBSTITUTION; CARBON DIOXIDE; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES; NITROGEN OXIDES; BUTANOLS; COMBUSTION PRODUCTS; EQUIVALENCE PRINCIPLE; ETHANOL; GASOLINE; METHANOL; PARTICULATES; ALCOHOLS; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; CONTROL; ENGINES; FLUIDS; FUELS; GASEOUS WASTES; GASES; HEAT ENGINES; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; LIQUID FUELS; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PARTICLES; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; POLLUTION CONTROL; WASTES; 330700* - Advanced Propulsion Systems- Emission Control; 540120 - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (1990-); 330800 - Emission Control- Alternative Fuels; 100400 - Synthetic Fuels- Combustion- (1990-)

Citation Formats

Rice, R W, Sanyal, A K, Elrod, A C, and Bata, R M. Exhaust gas emissions of butanol, ethanol, and methanol-gasoline blends. United States: N. p., 1991. Web. doi:10.1115/1.2906241.
Rice, R W, Sanyal, A K, Elrod, A C, & Bata, R M. Exhaust gas emissions of butanol, ethanol, and methanol-gasoline blends. United States. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2906241
Rice, R W, Sanyal, A K, Elrod, A C, and Bata, R M. Mon . "Exhaust gas emissions of butanol, ethanol, and methanol-gasoline blends". United States. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2906241.
@article{osti_5742020,
title = {Exhaust gas emissions of butanol, ethanol, and methanol-gasoline blends},
author = {Rice, R W and Sanyal, A K and Elrod, A C and Bata, R M},
abstractNote = {This paper reports on emissions levels for CO, NO{sub x}, and unburned fuel (UBF) from a stationary four-cylinder Chrysler engine measured under a variety of operating conditions for gasoline and three different 20 vol percent alcohol-gasoline blends. In tests of separate isobutanol, ethanol, and methanol blends, lower CO and CO{sub x} emissions were observed for the alcohol blends relative to gasoline, particularly for fuel-rich operation. Generally, on a volume (mole) basis unburned fuel emissions were highest for methanol blends and lowest for gasoline, but on a mass or OMHCE basis only small differences were noted. For a given fuel, the separate effects of engine speed, load, and equivalence ratio were examined.},
doi = {10.1115/1.2906241},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5742020}, journal = {Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power; (United States)},
issn = {0742-4795},
number = ,
volume = 113:3,
place = {United States},
year = {1991},
month = {7}
}