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Title: A methodology to assess the effects of high altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electric power systems

Abstract

Nuclear electromagnetic pulse (EMP) from high altitude nuclear detonations (HEMP) has the potential to seriously disrupt electric power systems. A methodology has been developed to assess the vulnerability of electric power systems to this phenomena for any specified nuclear burst scenario. The methodology is based on a structured approach whereby the power system is broken down into subsystems, functional groups, and circuits and devices. Vulnerability (likelihood of failure) is assessed for individual equipment (circuits and devices) for each nuclear burst scenario. These effects are then evaluated for their performance impact on successively higher system levels. This forms the input for classical load flow, short circuit and transient stability studies to evaluate system stability and survivability. Applicability of the assessment methodology is not dependent on the quality of component/equipment vulnerability data. Susceptibility of power equipment to HEMP damage may be determined by established technical analysis, by intepretation of equipment design and testing standards, and by laboratory testing. This paper has been written not only for the electric utility engineer, but also for experts in EMP who may not be knowledgeable in electric utility systems. 12 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (USA). Advanced Systems Technology Div.; Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5719822
Report Number(s):
CONF-880219-1
ON: DE88000338
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-84OR21400
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: IEEE winter power meeting, New York City, NY, USA, 2 Feb 1988; Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; ELECTRIC POWER; VULNERABILITY; ELECTRIC UTILITIES; ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT; NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS; ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSES; EVALUATION; COMMUNICATIONS; EQUIPMENT PROTECTION DEVICES; INTERACTIONS; SHIELDING; TRANSIENTS; ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION; EQUIPMENT; EXPLOSIONS; POWER; PUBLIC UTILITIES; PULSES; RADIATIONS; 200000* - Fossil-Fueled Power Plants; 450202 - Explosions & Explosives- Nuclear- Weaponry- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Taylor, Jr, E R, Eichler, C H, and Barnes, P R. A methodology to assess the effects of high altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electric power systems. United States: N. p., 1988. Web.
Taylor, Jr, E R, Eichler, C H, & Barnes, P R. A methodology to assess the effects of high altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electric power systems. United States.
Taylor, Jr, E R, Eichler, C H, and Barnes, P R. 1988. "A methodology to assess the effects of high altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electric power systems". United States.
@article{osti_5719822,
title = {A methodology to assess the effects of high altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electric power systems},
author = {Taylor, Jr, E R and Eichler, C H and Barnes, P R},
abstractNote = {Nuclear electromagnetic pulse (EMP) from high altitude nuclear detonations (HEMP) has the potential to seriously disrupt electric power systems. A methodology has been developed to assess the vulnerability of electric power systems to this phenomena for any specified nuclear burst scenario. The methodology is based on a structured approach whereby the power system is broken down into subsystems, functional groups, and circuits and devices. Vulnerability (likelihood of failure) is assessed for individual equipment (circuits and devices) for each nuclear burst scenario. These effects are then evaluated for their performance impact on successively higher system levels. This forms the input for classical load flow, short circuit and transient stability studies to evaluate system stability and survivability. Applicability of the assessment methodology is not dependent on the quality of component/equipment vulnerability data. Susceptibility of power equipment to HEMP damage may be determined by established technical analysis, by intepretation of equipment design and testing standards, and by laboratory testing. This paper has been written not only for the electric utility engineer, but also for experts in EMP who may not be knowledgeable in electric utility systems. 12 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5719822}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1988},
month = {1}
}

Conference:
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