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Title: Group additivity equations of state for calculating the standard molal thermodynamic properties of aqueous organic species at elevated temperatures and pressures

Abstract

Group additivity equations of state for aqueous organic molecules have been generated by combining the revised Helgeson-Kirkham-Howers (HKF) equations of state with experimental values of the standard molal properties of aqueous alkanes, alkanols, alkylbenzenes, carboxylic acids, amides, and amines. Equations of state parameters for the groups represented by -CH{sub 2}-, -CH{sub 3}, -CHCH{sub 3}, -C{sub 6}H{sub 5}, -CH{sub 2}OH, -COOH, -CONH{sub 2}, and -CH{sub 2}NH{sub 2} were determined by regression of the experimental data. This procedure permits calculation of the standard molal thermodynamic properties of these groups at elevated temperatures and pressures. Although curves representing the apparent standard molal Gibbs free energies ({Delta}G{degrees}) and enthalpies ({Delta}H{degrees}) of formation, and the standard molal entropies (S{degrees}) of the groups as a function of temperature and pressure are respectively similar for each of them, the temperature dependence of the standard molal heat capacities (C{degrees}{sub P}) and volumes (V{degrees}) of a number of the groups are quite different from one another. For example, the standard molal heat capacities of the hydrocarbon groups minimize with increasing temperature, but those of -CH{sub 2}OH and -CH{sub 2}NH{sub 2} maximize. Computed values of {Delta}G{degrees}, {Delta}H{degrees}, S{degrees}, C{degrees}{sub P}, V{degrees}, and the equations of state parameters for the variousmore » groups were used together with group additivity relations to generate corresponding values of these properties for aqueous n-alkanes, 2-methylalkanes, n-alkylbenzenes, n-alkanols, n-carboxylic acids, n-amides, and n-amines at temperatures {le} 250{degrees}C and pressures {le} 1 kbar. 159 refs., 25 figs., 20 tabs.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
569878
DOE Contract Number:  
FG03-85ER13419
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 61; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: PBD: Jan 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 40 CHEMISTRY; THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; HYDROCARBONS; GEOCHEMISTRY; HYDROTHERMAL SYSTEMS

Citation Formats

Amend, J P, and Helgeson, H C. Group additivity equations of state for calculating the standard molal thermodynamic properties of aqueous organic species at elevated temperatures and pressures. United States: N. p., 1997. Web. doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(96)00306-7.
Amend, J P, & Helgeson, H C. Group additivity equations of state for calculating the standard molal thermodynamic properties of aqueous organic species at elevated temperatures and pressures. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7037(96)00306-7
Amend, J P, and Helgeson, H C. Wed . "Group additivity equations of state for calculating the standard molal thermodynamic properties of aqueous organic species at elevated temperatures and pressures". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7037(96)00306-7.
@article{osti_569878,
title = {Group additivity equations of state for calculating the standard molal thermodynamic properties of aqueous organic species at elevated temperatures and pressures},
author = {Amend, J P and Helgeson, H C},
abstractNote = {Group additivity equations of state for aqueous organic molecules have been generated by combining the revised Helgeson-Kirkham-Howers (HKF) equations of state with experimental values of the standard molal properties of aqueous alkanes, alkanols, alkylbenzenes, carboxylic acids, amides, and amines. Equations of state parameters for the groups represented by -CH{sub 2}-, -CH{sub 3}, -CHCH{sub 3}, -C{sub 6}H{sub 5}, -CH{sub 2}OH, -COOH, -CONH{sub 2}, and -CH{sub 2}NH{sub 2} were determined by regression of the experimental data. This procedure permits calculation of the standard molal thermodynamic properties of these groups at elevated temperatures and pressures. Although curves representing the apparent standard molal Gibbs free energies ({Delta}G{degrees}) and enthalpies ({Delta}H{degrees}) of formation, and the standard molal entropies (S{degrees}) of the groups as a function of temperature and pressure are respectively similar for each of them, the temperature dependence of the standard molal heat capacities (C{degrees}{sub P}) and volumes (V{degrees}) of a number of the groups are quite different from one another. For example, the standard molal heat capacities of the hydrocarbon groups minimize with increasing temperature, but those of -CH{sub 2}OH and -CH{sub 2}NH{sub 2} maximize. Computed values of {Delta}G{degrees}, {Delta}H{degrees}, S{degrees}, C{degrees}{sub P}, V{degrees}, and the equations of state parameters for the various groups were used together with group additivity relations to generate corresponding values of these properties for aqueous n-alkanes, 2-methylalkanes, n-alkylbenzenes, n-alkanols, n-carboxylic acids, n-amides, and n-amines at temperatures {le} 250{degrees}C and pressures {le} 1 kbar. 159 refs., 25 figs., 20 tabs.},
doi = {10.1016/S0016-7037(96)00306-7},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/569878}, journal = {Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta},
number = 1,
volume = 61,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {1}
}