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Title: Ion microprobe analysis of {sup 18}O/{sup 16}O in authigenic and detrital quartz in the St. Peter Sandstone, Michigan Basin and Wisconsin Arch, USA: Contrasting diagenetic histories

Abstract

The oxygen isotopic compositions of authigenic quartz cements in sandstones provide a monitor of the temperatures, compositions, and origins of pore-occluding fluids during diagenesis, but quartz overgrowths are too fine-grained to be amenable to conventional isotopic analysis. We have used a Cameca ims-4f ion microprobe to determine oxygen isotopic variations in authigenic and detrital quartz in four samples of the Ordovician St. Peter Sandstone from the Michigan Basin and Wisconsin Arch, midwestern USA. Ion microprobe isotopic analyses have been successfully accomplished with an internal precision of {+-}1{per_thousand} (1{sigma}) and a spatial resolution of 20-30 {mu}m at low mass resolution using a high voltage offset technique. Repeated analyses of the quartz standard demonstrate a reproducibility of close to {+-}1{per_thousand} (1 sd) in good agreement with that expected from counting statistics. Conventional and ion microprobe analyses are mutually consistent, supporting the accuracy of the ion microprobe analyses. Within-sample isotopic variations of up to 13{per_thousand} and micro-scale isotopic variations of at least 4{per_thousand} over a distance of 100 {mu}m have been measured within quartz overgrowths in a sandstone from the Wisconsin Arch. Overgrowths are uniformly higher in {delta}{sup 18}O than detrital grains, and gradients of up to 25% exist across a few microns.more » {sup 18}O-enriched quartz overgrowths in sandstones from the Wisconsin Arch show complex CL zonation and reflect one of two possible processes: (1) low-temperature quartz precipitation during mixing of meteoric waters with upwelling basinal fluids; (2) higher temperature quartz precipitation during episodic gravity-driven upwelling of warm basinal fluids (of comparable isotopic composition to Michigan Basin fluids) from the Illinois Basin, related to evolution of Mississippi Valley type Pb-Zn ore-forming fluids. 59 refs., 7 figs., 4 tabs.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
  2. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
569829
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 60; Journal Issue: 24; Other Information: PBD: Dec 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 58 GEOSCIENCES; ION MICROPROBE ANALYSIS; SANDSTONES; PETROGRAPHY; MICHIGAN; DIAGENESIS; OXYGEN ISOTOPES

Citation Formats

Graham, C.M., Valley, J.W., and Winter, B.L. Ion microprobe analysis of {sup 18}O/{sup 16}O in authigenic and detrital quartz in the St. Peter Sandstone, Michigan Basin and Wisconsin Arch, USA: Contrasting diagenetic histories. United States: N. p., 1996. Web. doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(96)00286-4.
Graham, C.M., Valley, J.W., & Winter, B.L. Ion microprobe analysis of {sup 18}O/{sup 16}O in authigenic and detrital quartz in the St. Peter Sandstone, Michigan Basin and Wisconsin Arch, USA: Contrasting diagenetic histories. United States. doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(96)00286-4.
Graham, C.M., Valley, J.W., and Winter, B.L. Sun . "Ion microprobe analysis of {sup 18}O/{sup 16}O in authigenic and detrital quartz in the St. Peter Sandstone, Michigan Basin and Wisconsin Arch, USA: Contrasting diagenetic histories". United States. doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(96)00286-4.
@article{osti_569829,
title = {Ion microprobe analysis of {sup 18}O/{sup 16}O in authigenic and detrital quartz in the St. Peter Sandstone, Michigan Basin and Wisconsin Arch, USA: Contrasting diagenetic histories},
author = {Graham, C.M. and Valley, J.W. and Winter, B.L.},
abstractNote = {The oxygen isotopic compositions of authigenic quartz cements in sandstones provide a monitor of the temperatures, compositions, and origins of pore-occluding fluids during diagenesis, but quartz overgrowths are too fine-grained to be amenable to conventional isotopic analysis. We have used a Cameca ims-4f ion microprobe to determine oxygen isotopic variations in authigenic and detrital quartz in four samples of the Ordovician St. Peter Sandstone from the Michigan Basin and Wisconsin Arch, midwestern USA. Ion microprobe isotopic analyses have been successfully accomplished with an internal precision of {+-}1{per_thousand} (1{sigma}) and a spatial resolution of 20-30 {mu}m at low mass resolution using a high voltage offset technique. Repeated analyses of the quartz standard demonstrate a reproducibility of close to {+-}1{per_thousand} (1 sd) in good agreement with that expected from counting statistics. Conventional and ion microprobe analyses are mutually consistent, supporting the accuracy of the ion microprobe analyses. Within-sample isotopic variations of up to 13{per_thousand} and micro-scale isotopic variations of at least 4{per_thousand} over a distance of 100 {mu}m have been measured within quartz overgrowths in a sandstone from the Wisconsin Arch. Overgrowths are uniformly higher in {delta}{sup 18}O than detrital grains, and gradients of up to 25% exist across a few microns. {sup 18}O-enriched quartz overgrowths in sandstones from the Wisconsin Arch show complex CL zonation and reflect one of two possible processes: (1) low-temperature quartz precipitation during mixing of meteoric waters with upwelling basinal fluids; (2) higher temperature quartz precipitation during episodic gravity-driven upwelling of warm basinal fluids (of comparable isotopic composition to Michigan Basin fluids) from the Illinois Basin, related to evolution of Mississippi Valley type Pb-Zn ore-forming fluids. 59 refs., 7 figs., 4 tabs.},
doi = {10.1016/S0016-7037(96)00286-4},
journal = {Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta},
number = 24,
volume = 60,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {12}
}