skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Magnetic phase transitions and the magnetothermal properties of gadolinium

Abstract

A study of four Gd samples of different purities using ac susceptibility, magnetization, heat capacity, and direct measurements of the magnetocaloric effect in quasistatic and pulse magnetic fields revealed that all techniques yield the same value of the zero-field Curie temperature of 294(1) K. The Curie temperature determined from inflection points of the experimental magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity is in excellent agreement with those obtained from the magnetocaloric effect and Arrot plots. Above 2 T the temperature of this transition increases almost linearly with the magnetic field at a rate of {approximately}6K/T in fields up to 7.5 T. The spin reorientation transition, which occurs at 227(2) K in the absence of a magnetic field, has been confirmed by susceptibility, magnetization, and heat-capacity measurements. Magnetic fields higher than 2{endash}2.5 T apparently quench the spin reorientation transition and Gd retains its simple ferromagnetic structure from the T{sub C}(H) down to {approximately}4K. The nature of anomaly at T{congruent}132K, which is apparent from ac susceptibility measurements along the c axis, is discussed. The presence of large amounts of interstitial impurities lowers the second-order paramagnetic{leftrightarrow}ferromagnetic transition temperature, and can cause some erroneous results in the magnetocaloric effect determined in pulsed magnetic fields. The magnetocaloricmore » effect was studied utilizing the same samples by three experimental techniques: direct measurements of the adiabatic temperature rise, magnetization, and heat capacity. All three techniques, with one exception, yield the same results within the limits of experimental error. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}« less

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Physics Department, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, 119899 (Russia)
  2. Ames Laboratory and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-3020 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
568334
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review, B: Condensed Matter
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 57; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: PBD: Feb 1998
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CURIE POINT; MAGNETIZATION; SPECIFIC HEAT; MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY; CALORIMETRY; IMPURITIES; FERROMAGNETIC MATERIALS; GADOLINIUM; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; SPIN; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0065-0273 K

Citation Formats

Dankov, S Y, Tishin, A M, Pecharsky, V K, and Gschneidner, Jr, K A. Magnetic phase transitions and the magnetothermal properties of gadolinium. United States: N. p., 1998. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.57.3478.
Dankov, S Y, Tishin, A M, Pecharsky, V K, & Gschneidner, Jr, K A. Magnetic phase transitions and the magnetothermal properties of gadolinium. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.57.3478.
Dankov, S Y, Tishin, A M, Pecharsky, V K, and Gschneidner, Jr, K A. Sun . "Magnetic phase transitions and the magnetothermal properties of gadolinium". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.57.3478.
@article{osti_568334,
title = {Magnetic phase transitions and the magnetothermal properties of gadolinium},
author = {Dankov, S Y and Tishin, A M and Pecharsky, V K and Gschneidner, Jr, K A},
abstractNote = {A study of four Gd samples of different purities using ac susceptibility, magnetization, heat capacity, and direct measurements of the magnetocaloric effect in quasistatic and pulse magnetic fields revealed that all techniques yield the same value of the zero-field Curie temperature of 294(1) K. The Curie temperature determined from inflection points of the experimental magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity is in excellent agreement with those obtained from the magnetocaloric effect and Arrot plots. Above 2 T the temperature of this transition increases almost linearly with the magnetic field at a rate of {approximately}6K/T in fields up to 7.5 T. The spin reorientation transition, which occurs at 227(2) K in the absence of a magnetic field, has been confirmed by susceptibility, magnetization, and heat-capacity measurements. Magnetic fields higher than 2{endash}2.5 T apparently quench the spin reorientation transition and Gd retains its simple ferromagnetic structure from the T{sub C}(H) down to {approximately}4K. The nature of anomaly at T{congruent}132K, which is apparent from ac susceptibility measurements along the c axis, is discussed. The presence of large amounts of interstitial impurities lowers the second-order paramagnetic{leftrightarrow}ferromagnetic transition temperature, and can cause some erroneous results in the magnetocaloric effect determined in pulsed magnetic fields. The magnetocaloric effect was studied utilizing the same samples by three experimental techniques: direct measurements of the adiabatic temperature rise, magnetization, and heat capacity. All three techniques, with one exception, yield the same results within the limits of experimental error. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.57.3478},
journal = {Physical Review, B: Condensed Matter},
number = 6,
volume = 57,
place = {United States},
year = {1998},
month = {2}
}