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Title: A case-control study of lung cancer risk factors in Xuanwei, China

Abstract

In Xuanwei County, Yunnan Province, mortality rates of lung cancer are among China's highest. Previous studies have shown a strong association between lung cancer mortality and indoor air pollution from smoky coal combustion. In the present case-control study, 110 newly diagnosed lung cancer patients and 426 controls were matched with respect to age, sex, occupation (all subjects were farmers), and village of residence (which provided matching with respect to fuel use). This design allowed assessment of known and suspected lung cancer risk factors other than those mentioned above. Data from males and females were analyzed by conditional logistic regression. In females who do not smoke, the presence of lung cancer was statistically significantly associated with chronic bronchitis and family history of lung cancer. These results also suggested an association of long cancer with duration of cooking food but not with passive smoking. In males, lung cancer was significantly associated with smoking, chronic bronchitis, family history of lung cancer, and personal history of cooking food. Effects of smoking and chronic bronchitis in males were independent, which suggests that lung cancer in Xuanwei may occur through more than one mechanism of production.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine, Beijing (China)
  2. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5642567
Report Number(s):
CONF-890937-
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-9896; CODEN: AEHLA
Resource Type:
Conference
Journal Name:
Archives of Environmental Health; (USA)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 45:5; Conference: 1. annual meeting of the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology, Upton, NY (USA), 13-15 Sep 1989; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-9896
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; INDOOR AIR POLLUTION; HEALTH HAZARDS; CHINA; COAL; EPIDEMIOLOGY; MAN; NEOPLASMS; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DISEASES; TOBACCO SMOKES; AEROSOLS; AIR POLLUTION; ANIMALS; ASIA; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; COLLOIDS; DISEASES; DISPERSIONS; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; HAZARDS; MAMMALS; MATERIALS; POLLUTION; PRIMATES; RESIDUES; SMOKES; SOLS; VERTEBRATES; 550900* - Pathology; 540110

Citation Formats

Zhiyuan, Liu, Xingzhou, He, and Chapman, R S. A case-control study of lung cancer risk factors in Xuanwei, China. United States: N. p., Web.
Zhiyuan, Liu, Xingzhou, He, & Chapman, R S. A case-control study of lung cancer risk factors in Xuanwei, China. United States.
Zhiyuan, Liu, Xingzhou, He, and Chapman, R S. . "A case-control study of lung cancer risk factors in Xuanwei, China". United States.
@article{osti_5642567,
title = {A case-control study of lung cancer risk factors in Xuanwei, China},
author = {Zhiyuan, Liu and Xingzhou, He and Chapman, R S},
abstractNote = {In Xuanwei County, Yunnan Province, mortality rates of lung cancer are among China's highest. Previous studies have shown a strong association between lung cancer mortality and indoor air pollution from smoky coal combustion. In the present case-control study, 110 newly diagnosed lung cancer patients and 426 controls were matched with respect to age, sex, occupation (all subjects were farmers), and village of residence (which provided matching with respect to fuel use). This design allowed assessment of known and suspected lung cancer risk factors other than those mentioned above. Data from males and females were analyzed by conditional logistic regression. In females who do not smoke, the presence of lung cancer was statistically significantly associated with chronic bronchitis and family history of lung cancer. These results also suggested an association of long cancer with duration of cooking food but not with passive smoking. In males, lung cancer was significantly associated with smoking, chronic bronchitis, family history of lung cancer, and personal history of cooking food. Effects of smoking and chronic bronchitis in males were independent, which suggests that lung cancer in Xuanwei may occur through more than one mechanism of production.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5642567}, journal = {Archives of Environmental Health; (USA)},
issn = {0003-9896},
number = ,
volume = 45:5,
place = {United States},
year = {},
month = {}
}

Conference:
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