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Title: Influence of reinforcement morphology on the mechanical properties of short-fiber composites

Abstract

A major problem of short-fiber composites is that the interfaces between the fiber and matrix become a limiting factor in improving mechanical properties such as strength. For a short fiber, a strong interface is desired to effectively transfer load from matrix to fiber, thus reducing the ineffective fiber length. However, a strong interface will make it difficult to relieve fiber stress concentration in front of an approaching crack. Stress concentrations result in fiber breakage. The authors report in this paper an innovative approach to overcome this problem: reinforcement morphology design. Short-fibers with enlarged ends are processed and used to reinforce a polyester matrix. The initial results show that the bone-shaped short-fibers produce a composite with significantly higher strength than can be attained with conventional short, straight fibers.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Human Resources and Administration, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
564175
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-97-3963; CONF-980202-
ON: DE98001609; TRN: AHC29804%%96
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Conference: Annual meeting of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS), San Antonio, TX (United States), 15-19 Feb 1998; Other Information: PBD: [1997]
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; INTERFACES; MORPHOLOGY; FIBERS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; REINFORCED MATERIALS

Citation Formats

Zhu, Y T, Valdez, J A, Shi, N, Lovato, M L, Stout, M G, Zhou, S, Blumenthal, W R, and Lowe, T C. Influence of reinforcement morphology on the mechanical properties of short-fiber composites. United States: N. p., 1997. Web. doi:10.2172/564175.
Zhu, Y T, Valdez, J A, Shi, N, Lovato, M L, Stout, M G, Zhou, S, Blumenthal, W R, & Lowe, T C. Influence of reinforcement morphology on the mechanical properties of short-fiber composites. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/564175
Zhu, Y T, Valdez, J A, Shi, N, Lovato, M L, Stout, M G, Zhou, S, Blumenthal, W R, and Lowe, T C. Mon . "Influence of reinforcement morphology on the mechanical properties of short-fiber composites". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/564175. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/564175.
@article{osti_564175,
title = {Influence of reinforcement morphology on the mechanical properties of short-fiber composites},
author = {Zhu, Y T and Valdez, J A and Shi, N and Lovato, M L and Stout, M G and Zhou, S and Blumenthal, W R and Lowe, T C},
abstractNote = {A major problem of short-fiber composites is that the interfaces between the fiber and matrix become a limiting factor in improving mechanical properties such as strength. For a short fiber, a strong interface is desired to effectively transfer load from matrix to fiber, thus reducing the ineffective fiber length. However, a strong interface will make it difficult to relieve fiber stress concentration in front of an approaching crack. Stress concentrations result in fiber breakage. The authors report in this paper an innovative approach to overcome this problem: reinforcement morphology design. Short-fibers with enlarged ends are processed and used to reinforce a polyester matrix. The initial results show that the bone-shaped short-fibers produce a composite with significantly higher strength than can be attained with conventional short, straight fibers.},
doi = {10.2172/564175},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/564175}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {12}
}