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Title: Mechanistic quantitative structure-activity relationship model for the photoinduced toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. 2: An empirical model for the toxicity of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to the duckweed Lemna gibba L. G-3

Abstract

Photoinduced toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) occurs via photosensitization reactions (e.g., generation of singlet-state oxygen) and by photomodification (photooxidation and/or photolysis) of the chemicals to more toxic species. The quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) described in the companion paper predicted, in theory, that photosensitization and photomodification additively contribute to toxicity. To substantiate this QSAR modeling exercise it was necessary to show that toxicity can be described by empirically derived parameters. The toxicity of 16 PAHs to the duckweed Lemna gibba was measured as inhibition of leaf production in simulated solar radiation (a light source with a spectrum similar to that of sunlight). A predictive model for toxicity was generated based on the theoretical model developed in the companion paper. The photophysical descriptors required of each PAH for modeling were efficiency of photon absorbance, relative uptake, quantum yield for triplet-state formation, and the rate of photomodification. The photomodification rates of the PAHs showed a moderate correlation to toxicity, whereas a derived photosensitization factor (PSF; based on absorbance, triplet-state quantum yield, and uptake) for each PAH showed only a weak, complex correlation to toxicity. However, summing the rate of photomodification and the PSF resulted in a strong correlation to toxicity that hadmore » predictive value. When the PSF and a derived photomodification factor (PMF; based on the photomodification rate and toxicity of the photomodified PAHs) were summed, an excellent explanatory model of toxicity was produced, substantiating the additive contributions of the two factors.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Biology
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
563948
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 16; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: PBD: Nov 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; WATER POLLUTION; BIOLOGICAL INDICATORS; POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS; STRUCTURE-ACTIVITY RELATIONSHIPS; PHOTOCHEMICAL REACTIONS; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; PLANTS; BIOASSAY

Citation Formats

Huang, X D, Krylov, S N, Ren, L, McConkey, B J, Dixon, D G, and Greenberg, B M. Mechanistic quantitative structure-activity relationship model for the photoinduced toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. 2: An empirical model for the toxicity of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to the duckweed Lemna gibba L. G-3. United States: N. p., 1997. Web. doi:10.1002/etc.5620161114.
Huang, X D, Krylov, S N, Ren, L, McConkey, B J, Dixon, D G, & Greenberg, B M. Mechanistic quantitative structure-activity relationship model for the photoinduced toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. 2: An empirical model for the toxicity of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to the duckweed Lemna gibba L. G-3. United States. doi:10.1002/etc.5620161114.
Huang, X D, Krylov, S N, Ren, L, McConkey, B J, Dixon, D G, and Greenberg, B M. Sat . "Mechanistic quantitative structure-activity relationship model for the photoinduced toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. 2: An empirical model for the toxicity of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to the duckweed Lemna gibba L. G-3". United States. doi:10.1002/etc.5620161114.
@article{osti_563948,
title = {Mechanistic quantitative structure-activity relationship model for the photoinduced toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. 2: An empirical model for the toxicity of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to the duckweed Lemna gibba L. G-3},
author = {Huang, X D and Krylov, S N and Ren, L and McConkey, B J and Dixon, D G and Greenberg, B M},
abstractNote = {Photoinduced toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) occurs via photosensitization reactions (e.g., generation of singlet-state oxygen) and by photomodification (photooxidation and/or photolysis) of the chemicals to more toxic species. The quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) described in the companion paper predicted, in theory, that photosensitization and photomodification additively contribute to toxicity. To substantiate this QSAR modeling exercise it was necessary to show that toxicity can be described by empirically derived parameters. The toxicity of 16 PAHs to the duckweed Lemna gibba was measured as inhibition of leaf production in simulated solar radiation (a light source with a spectrum similar to that of sunlight). A predictive model for toxicity was generated based on the theoretical model developed in the companion paper. The photophysical descriptors required of each PAH for modeling were efficiency of photon absorbance, relative uptake, quantum yield for triplet-state formation, and the rate of photomodification. The photomodification rates of the PAHs showed a moderate correlation to toxicity, whereas a derived photosensitization factor (PSF; based on absorbance, triplet-state quantum yield, and uptake) for each PAH showed only a weak, complex correlation to toxicity. However, summing the rate of photomodification and the PSF resulted in a strong correlation to toxicity that had predictive value. When the PSF and a derived photomodification factor (PMF; based on the photomodification rate and toxicity of the photomodified PAHs) were summed, an excellent explanatory model of toxicity was produced, substantiating the additive contributions of the two factors.},
doi = {10.1002/etc.5620161114},
journal = {Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry},
number = 11,
volume = 16,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {11}
}