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Title: Microwave transmission and harmonic generation in granular high- T sub c superconducting films: Evidence for viscous flux motion and weak links

Abstract

We have studied the microwave transmission {tau} through thin superconducting films of Y-Ba-Cu-O and Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O in the presence of a dc magnetic field {ital H}{sub 0} and an alternating magnetic field, {ital H}{sub 1} cos2{pi}{ital f}{sub 0}{ital t}. The alternating field generates many harmonics due to the nonlinear response of the complex resistivity. The microwave transmission with {bold H}{sub 0} in the plane of the film depends on the orientation {ital cphi} of {bold H}{sub 0} with respect to the microwave electric field. We found experimentally that the field-dependent part of the transmission behaves like {delta}{tau}{sub {ital f}}{proportional to}{vert bar}{ital H}{sub 0} sin{ital cphi}{vert bar}. This indicates a macroscopic Lorentz force and strongly suggests that the complex resistivity in the magnetic field is dominated by a viscous-flux-motion dissipation mechanism. We demonstrate a simple model for the harmonic generation based on viscous fluxon motion. A comparison of the experiment with the model allows an estimate of the viscosity coefficient {eta} for the fluxons in the direction of the {ital c} axis to be {eta}=(2--4){times}10{sup {minus}9} cgs units for Y-Ba-Cu-O film at {ital T}=70 K. Theoretical models suggest that the magnitude of {eta} is appropriate to weakly pinned Abrikosov fluxons. The dcmore » transport properties of superconducting films containing internal Josephson junctions are strongly affected by microwave irradiation and serve, therefore, as a diagnostic tool to detect the presence of weak links.'' Higher-order harmonics can be generated in all types of studied films independent of the presence or absence of weak links. However, in the presence of weak links, the onset temperature for the harmonic generation {ital T}{sub {ital c}}{sup {prime}} is lower than the onset temperature for the change in the microwave transmission, {ital T}{sub {ital c}}.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 91904, Jerusalem, Israel (IL)
  2. Xsirius Superconductivity, Israel Division, Kiryat Mada 4, Jerusalem, Israel (IL)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5622639
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review, B: Condensed Matter; (USA)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43:13; Journal ID: ISSN 0163-1829
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; BARIUM OXIDES; PHOTON TRANSPORT; BISMUTH OXIDES; CALCIUM OXIDES; COPPER OXIDES; STRONTIUM OXIDES; YTTRIUM OXIDES; ENERGY LOSSES; HARMONIC GENERATION; HIGH-TC SUPERCONDUCTORS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MICROWAVE RADIATION; SUPERCONDUCTING FILMS; ALKALINE EARTH METAL COMPOUNDS; BARIUM COMPOUNDS; BISMUTH COMPOUNDS; CALCIUM COMPOUNDS; CHALCOGENIDES; COPPER COMPOUNDS; ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION; FILMS; FREQUENCY MIXING; LOSSES; NEUTRAL-PARTICLE TRANSPORT; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; RADIATION TRANSPORT; RADIATIONS; STRONTIUM COMPOUNDS; SUPERCONDUCTORS; TRANSITION ELEMENT COMPOUNDS; YTTRIUM COMPOUNDS; 360204* - Ceramics, Cermets, & Refractories- Physical Properties

Citation Formats

Golosovsky, M, Davidov, D, Farber, E, Tsach, T, and Schieber, M. Microwave transmission and harmonic generation in granular high- T sub c superconducting films: Evidence for viscous flux motion and weak links. United States: N. p., 1991. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.43.10390.
Golosovsky, M, Davidov, D, Farber, E, Tsach, T, & Schieber, M. Microwave transmission and harmonic generation in granular high- T sub c superconducting films: Evidence for viscous flux motion and weak links. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.43.10390.
Golosovsky, M, Davidov, D, Farber, E, Tsach, T, and Schieber, M. Wed . "Microwave transmission and harmonic generation in granular high- T sub c superconducting films: Evidence for viscous flux motion and weak links". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.43.10390.
@article{osti_5622639,
title = {Microwave transmission and harmonic generation in granular high- T sub c superconducting films: Evidence for viscous flux motion and weak links},
author = {Golosovsky, M and Davidov, D and Farber, E and Tsach, T and Schieber, M},
abstractNote = {We have studied the microwave transmission {tau} through thin superconducting films of Y-Ba-Cu-O and Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O in the presence of a dc magnetic field {ital H}{sub 0} and an alternating magnetic field, {ital H}{sub 1} cos2{pi}{ital f}{sub 0}{ital t}. The alternating field generates many harmonics due to the nonlinear response of the complex resistivity. The microwave transmission with {bold H}{sub 0} in the plane of the film depends on the orientation {ital cphi} of {bold H}{sub 0} with respect to the microwave electric field. We found experimentally that the field-dependent part of the transmission behaves like {delta}{tau}{sub {ital f}}{proportional to}{vert bar}{ital H}{sub 0} sin{ital cphi}{vert bar}. This indicates a macroscopic Lorentz force and strongly suggests that the complex resistivity in the magnetic field is dominated by a viscous-flux-motion dissipation mechanism. We demonstrate a simple model for the harmonic generation based on viscous fluxon motion. A comparison of the experiment with the model allows an estimate of the viscosity coefficient {eta} for the fluxons in the direction of the {ital c} axis to be {eta}=(2--4){times}10{sup {minus}9} cgs units for Y-Ba-Cu-O film at {ital T}=70 K. Theoretical models suggest that the magnitude of {eta} is appropriate to weakly pinned Abrikosov fluxons. The dc transport properties of superconducting films containing internal Josephson junctions are strongly affected by microwave irradiation and serve, therefore, as a diagnostic tool to detect the presence of weak links.'' Higher-order harmonics can be generated in all types of studied films independent of the presence or absence of weak links. However, in the presence of weak links, the onset temperature for the harmonic generation {ital T}{sub {ital c}}{sup {prime}} is lower than the onset temperature for the change in the microwave transmission, {ital T}{sub {ital c}}.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.43.10390},
journal = {Physical Review, B: Condensed Matter; (USA)},
issn = {0163-1829},
number = ,
volume = 43:13,
place = {United States},
year = {1991},
month = {5}
}