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Title: Synthesis of information on the effects of noise and disturbance on major haulout concentrations of Bering Sea pinnipeds. Final report

Abstract

The study investigated the use of terrestrial haulout sites in the eastern Bering Sea by four species of pennipeds, northern fur seal, northern sea lion, harbor seal and pacific walrus. Historical information on the use of each site was summarized. Available information on the effects of airborne and waterborne noise, and human disturbance (from stationary and moving sources) was reviewed. The authors also conducted a detailed analysis of the acoustic environment of eight haulout sites that were representative of others used by each of the four species studied. The analyses included investigations of (1) characteristics airborne and underwater ambient noise, (2) characteristics of industrial noise sources, including aircraft, small boats, fishing trawlers and commercial cargo traffic, and (3) sound transmission loss in air, water, and through the air-water surface. As a means to evaluate the potential vulnerability of each haulout site to noise and disturbance, a quantitative rating system (IPSI) whereby an index of sensitivity was assigned to each site.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
LGL Alaska Research Associates, Inc., Anchorage, AK (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5602772
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 5602772
Report Number(s):
PB-89-191373/XAB; LGL-TA--828
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 02 PETROLEUM; BERING SEA; OFFSHORE DRILLING; NOISE POLLUTION; SITE SURVEYS; PINNIPEDS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; ACOUSTICS; BEHAVIOR; ENERGY SOURCE DEVELOPMENT; PROGRESS REPORT; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; DOCUMENT TYPES; DRILLING; MAMMALS; PACIFIC OCEAN; POLLUTION; SEAS; SURFACE WATERS; VERTEBRATES 520100* -- Environment, Aquatic-- Basic Studies-- (-1989); 020900 -- Petroleum-- Environmental Aspects

Citation Formats

Johnson, S.R., Burns, J.J., Malme, C.I., and Davis, R.A. Synthesis of information on the effects of noise and disturbance on major haulout concentrations of Bering Sea pinnipeds. Final report. United States: N. p., 1989. Web.
Johnson, S.R., Burns, J.J., Malme, C.I., & Davis, R.A. Synthesis of information on the effects of noise and disturbance on major haulout concentrations of Bering Sea pinnipeds. Final report. United States.
Johnson, S.R., Burns, J.J., Malme, C.I., and Davis, R.A. Fri . "Synthesis of information on the effects of noise and disturbance on major haulout concentrations of Bering Sea pinnipeds. Final report". United States.
@article{osti_5602772,
title = {Synthesis of information on the effects of noise and disturbance on major haulout concentrations of Bering Sea pinnipeds. Final report},
author = {Johnson, S.R. and Burns, J.J. and Malme, C.I. and Davis, R.A.},
abstractNote = {The study investigated the use of terrestrial haulout sites in the eastern Bering Sea by four species of pennipeds, northern fur seal, northern sea lion, harbor seal and pacific walrus. Historical information on the use of each site was summarized. Available information on the effects of airborne and waterborne noise, and human disturbance (from stationary and moving sources) was reviewed. The authors also conducted a detailed analysis of the acoustic environment of eight haulout sites that were representative of others used by each of the four species studied. The analyses included investigations of (1) characteristics airborne and underwater ambient noise, (2) characteristics of industrial noise sources, including aircraft, small boats, fishing trawlers and commercial cargo traffic, and (3) sound transmission loss in air, water, and through the air-water surface. As a means to evaluate the potential vulnerability of each haulout site to noise and disturbance, a quantitative rating system (IPSI) whereby an index of sensitivity was assigned to each site.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1989},
month = {2}
}

Technical Report:
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