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Title: OTEC biofouling and corrosion study at the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii, 1983--1987

Abstract

Long-term research on fouling and corrosion has been conducted as a part of the effort to develop heat exchangers for the US Department of Energy's Ocean Energy Technology program. After obtaining initial experimental data from various sites, including Puerto Rico, the Gulf of Mexico, open ocean (a buoy) in Hawaii, and Wrightsville Beach in North Carolina, Argonne National Laboratory carried out a six-year research program at the National Energy Laboratory of Hawaii. In the Phase 1 experimental program, a data base was developed for characterization of biofouling of corrosion-resistant material exposed to two types of seawater -- surface (warm) and deep-ocean (cold). The major objective was to determine optimal biofouling-control methods. The results of the Phase 1 research were published in a report in 1985. The major objective of the Phase 2 research has been to develop a technical data base for the qualification of aluminum alloys for ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) heat-exchanger applications. Aluminum alloys have many desirable mechanical properties that can be utilized for the development of low-cost, compact heat exchangers that can be designed on a modular basis. The research program for aluminum alloys has included biofouling, corrosion fouling, uniform corrosion, localized corrosion, and evaluation ofmore » brazed joint and epoxy-bonded joints. Conclusions derived in this report represent a major milestone in OTEC materials and fouling research. 70 refs., 109 figs., 18 tabs.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1];  [2]; ; ;  [3]; ;  [4]
  1. Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)
  2. Argonne National Lab., IL (USA) Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (USA)
  3. Argonne National Lab., IL (USA) Hawaii Univ., Honolulu, HI (USA)
  4. Argonne National Lab., IL (USA) Hawaii Natural Energy Inst., Honolulu,
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (USA). Energy Systems Div.
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; USDOE, Washington, DC (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5562206
Report Number(s):
ANL/ESD-10
ON: DE91014252
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALUMINIUM ALLOYS; CORROSION RESISTANCE; HEAT EXCHANGERS; BIOLOGICAL FOULING; CORROSION; BONDING; BRAZING; COATINGS; COPPER BASE ALLOYS; CORROSION RESISTANT ALLOYS; HEAT TRANSFER; JOINTS; NICKEL ALLOYS; OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION; OCEAN THERMAL POWER PLANTS; STAINLESS STEELS; TESTING; TITANIUM; ZINC; ALLOYS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CONVERSION; COPPER ALLOYS; ELEMENTS; ENERGY CONVERSION; ENERGY TRANSFER; FABRICATION; FOULING; HIGH ALLOY STEELS; IRON ALLOYS; IRON BASE ALLOYS; JOINING; METALS; POWER PLANTS; SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION; SOLAR POWER PLANTS; STEELS; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; WELDING; 140800* - Solar Energy- Ocean Energy Systems; 360105 - Metals & Alloys- Corrosion & Erosion

Citation Formats

Panchal, C, Stevens, H, Genens, L, Thomas, A, Clark, C, Yaggee, F, Darby, J, Sasscer, D, Larsen-Basse, J, Liebert, B, Berger, L, Bhargava, A, and Lee, B. OTEC biofouling and corrosion study at the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii, 1983--1987. United States: N. p., 1990. Web.
Panchal, C, Stevens, H, Genens, L, Thomas, A, Clark, C, Yaggee, F, Darby, J, Sasscer, D, Larsen-Basse, J, Liebert, B, Berger, L, Bhargava, A, & Lee, B. OTEC biofouling and corrosion study at the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii, 1983--1987. United States.
Panchal, C, Stevens, H, Genens, L, Thomas, A, Clark, C, Yaggee, F, Darby, J, Sasscer, D, Larsen-Basse, J, Liebert, B, Berger, L, Bhargava, A, and Lee, B. Mon . "OTEC biofouling and corrosion study at the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii, 1983--1987". United States.
@article{osti_5562206,
title = {OTEC biofouling and corrosion study at the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii, 1983--1987},
author = {Panchal, C and Stevens, H and Genens, L and Thomas, A and Clark, C and Yaggee, F and Darby, J and Sasscer, D and Larsen-Basse, J and Liebert, B and Berger, L and Bhargava, A and Lee, B},
abstractNote = {Long-term research on fouling and corrosion has been conducted as a part of the effort to develop heat exchangers for the US Department of Energy's Ocean Energy Technology program. After obtaining initial experimental data from various sites, including Puerto Rico, the Gulf of Mexico, open ocean (a buoy) in Hawaii, and Wrightsville Beach in North Carolina, Argonne National Laboratory carried out a six-year research program at the National Energy Laboratory of Hawaii. In the Phase 1 experimental program, a data base was developed for characterization of biofouling of corrosion-resistant material exposed to two types of seawater -- surface (warm) and deep-ocean (cold). The major objective was to determine optimal biofouling-control methods. The results of the Phase 1 research were published in a report in 1985. The major objective of the Phase 2 research has been to develop a technical data base for the qualification of aluminum alloys for ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) heat-exchanger applications. Aluminum alloys have many desirable mechanical properties that can be utilized for the development of low-cost, compact heat exchangers that can be designed on a modular basis. The research program for aluminum alloys has included biofouling, corrosion fouling, uniform corrosion, localized corrosion, and evaluation of brazed joint and epoxy-bonded joints. Conclusions derived in this report represent a major milestone in OTEC materials and fouling research. 70 refs., 109 figs., 18 tabs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1990},
month = {10}
}

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