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Title: Symptoms of respiratory illness in young children and the use of wood-burning stoves for indoor heating

Abstract

The occurrence of symptoms of respiratory illness among preschool children living in homes heated by wood-burning stoves was examined by conducting an historical prospective study (n . 62) with an internal control group (matched for age, sex, and town of residence). Exposures of subjects were not significantly different (P greater than .05) with respect to parental smoking, urea-formaldehyde foam insulation, and use of humidifiers. The control group made significantly greater use of gas stoves for cooking whereas the study group made greater use of electric stoves for cooking and of air filters (P less than .05). Only one home used a kerosene space heater. During the winter of 1982, moderate and severe symptoms in all categories were significantly greater for the study group compared with the control group (P less than .001). These differences could not be accounted for by medical histories (eg, allergies, asthma), demographic or socioeconomic characteristics, or by exposure to sources of indoor air pollution other than wood-burning stoves. Present findings suggest that indoor heating with wood-burning stoves may be a significant etiologic factor in the occurrence of symptoms of respiratory illness in young children.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Michigan State Univ., East Lansing
OSTI Identifier:
5551496
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Pediatrics; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 75:3
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; CHILDREN; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DISEASES; WOOD BURNING FURNACES; HEALTH HAZARDS; ETIOLOGY; INDOOR AIR POLLUTION; SPACE HEATING; STOVES; SYMPTOMS; AGE GROUPS; AIR POLLUTION; APPLIANCES; DISEASES; FURNACES; HAZARDS; HEATING; POLLUTION; WOOD BURNING APPLIANCES; 560306* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Man- (-1987)

Citation Formats

Honicky, R E, Osborne, J S, and Akpom, C A. Symptoms of respiratory illness in young children and the use of wood-burning stoves for indoor heating. United States: N. p., 1985. Web.
Honicky, R E, Osborne, J S, & Akpom, C A. Symptoms of respiratory illness in young children and the use of wood-burning stoves for indoor heating. United States.
Honicky, R E, Osborne, J S, and Akpom, C A. Fri . "Symptoms of respiratory illness in young children and the use of wood-burning stoves for indoor heating". United States.
@article{osti_5551496,
title = {Symptoms of respiratory illness in young children and the use of wood-burning stoves for indoor heating},
author = {Honicky, R E and Osborne, J S and Akpom, C A},
abstractNote = {The occurrence of symptoms of respiratory illness among preschool children living in homes heated by wood-burning stoves was examined by conducting an historical prospective study (n . 62) with an internal control group (matched for age, sex, and town of residence). Exposures of subjects were not significantly different (P greater than .05) with respect to parental smoking, urea-formaldehyde foam insulation, and use of humidifiers. The control group made significantly greater use of gas stoves for cooking whereas the study group made greater use of electric stoves for cooking and of air filters (P less than .05). Only one home used a kerosene space heater. During the winter of 1982, moderate and severe symptoms in all categories were significantly greater for the study group compared with the control group (P less than .001). These differences could not be accounted for by medical histories (eg, allergies, asthma), demographic or socioeconomic characteristics, or by exposure to sources of indoor air pollution other than wood-burning stoves. Present findings suggest that indoor heating with wood-burning stoves may be a significant etiologic factor in the occurrence of symptoms of respiratory illness in young children.},
doi = {},
journal = {Pediatrics; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 75:3,
place = {United States},
year = {1985},
month = {3}
}