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Title: Dose-response of urban trees to sulfur dioxide

Abstract

Controlled fumigation experiments were conducted to determine the dose-response relationships for four species of urban trees exposed to sulfur dioxide. The species chosen were ginkgo, Norway maple, pin oak, and Chinese elm. Results indicated that resistance to SO/sub 2/ increased among the species in the following order: Chinese elm, Norway maple, ginkgo, pin oak. Elm showed almost 100% leaf necrosis at exposures over 2 ppM for 6 hr, and severe chlorosis and necrosis at 0.25 ppM for 30 days. Fifty percent leaf necrosis occurred on Norway maple at 3 ppM for 6 hr, and on ginkgo at 4 ppM for 6 hr, and both species developed moderate marginal chlorosis at 0.50 ppM for 30 days. Injury on pin oak was minor, even at 8 ppM for 8 hr, but at 0.50 ppM for 30 days, a slight overall chlorosis developed on the leaves. The relative susceptibilities of the four species were the same in the long-term as in the short-term exposures. The shapes of the dose-response surfaces indicated that durations of exposure and concentration of the pollutant were of equal importance in producing injury on Chinese elm and probably on pin oak, but on Norway maple and ginkgo, concentration ofmore » SO/sub 2/ was of greater importance than the duration of exposure.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5551106
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc.; (United States); Journal Volume: 22:4
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; LEAVES; DAMAGE; SULFUR DIOXIDE; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; ACID RAIN; AIR POLLUTION; DOSE-RESPONSE RELATIONSHIPS; TREES; ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATIONS; CHALCOGENIDES; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; POLLUTION; RAIN; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR OXIDES; 560303* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Plants- (-1987)

Citation Formats

Temple, P.J. Dose-response of urban trees to sulfur dioxide. United States: N. p., 1972. Web. doi:10.1080/00022470.1972.10469638.
Temple, P.J. Dose-response of urban trees to sulfur dioxide. United States. doi:10.1080/00022470.1972.10469638.
Temple, P.J. Sat . "Dose-response of urban trees to sulfur dioxide". United States. doi:10.1080/00022470.1972.10469638.
@article{osti_5551106,
title = {Dose-response of urban trees to sulfur dioxide},
author = {Temple, P.J.},
abstractNote = {Controlled fumigation experiments were conducted to determine the dose-response relationships for four species of urban trees exposed to sulfur dioxide. The species chosen were ginkgo, Norway maple, pin oak, and Chinese elm. Results indicated that resistance to SO/sub 2/ increased among the species in the following order: Chinese elm, Norway maple, ginkgo, pin oak. Elm showed almost 100% leaf necrosis at exposures over 2 ppM for 6 hr, and severe chlorosis and necrosis at 0.25 ppM for 30 days. Fifty percent leaf necrosis occurred on Norway maple at 3 ppM for 6 hr, and on ginkgo at 4 ppM for 6 hr, and both species developed moderate marginal chlorosis at 0.50 ppM for 30 days. Injury on pin oak was minor, even at 8 ppM for 8 hr, but at 0.50 ppM for 30 days, a slight overall chlorosis developed on the leaves. The relative susceptibilities of the four species were the same in the long-term as in the short-term exposures. The shapes of the dose-response surfaces indicated that durations of exposure and concentration of the pollutant were of equal importance in producing injury on Chinese elm and probably on pin oak, but on Norway maple and ginkgo, concentration of SO/sub 2/ was of greater importance than the duration of exposure.},
doi = {10.1080/00022470.1972.10469638},
journal = {J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 22:4,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1972},
month = {Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1972}
}