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Title: General-equilibrium analysis of the economic effects of pollution-control policies

Abstract

This study applies a quantitative general-equilibrium model to the question of computing the economic incidence of pollution-control policies. The major concern is with a general-equilibrium computation of the full costs of pollution abatement, and is not addressed to questions of measurement of benefits. Pollutants are incorporated into the model as negative by-products of industrial activities. The model, itself, is structured after a recently developed linear-programming system which is designed to compute a competitive-market general-equilibrium solution. In empirical terms, the study is concerned with measurement of the incidence and allocative effects of imposing environmental-quality constraints in a general-equilibrium framework for the US economy in 1972. Thus, a detailed numerical model of the economy and related pollution activities is constructed as part of the study. The model includes ten industries and two income groups classified by types of factor income payments. Five air pollutants, seven water pollutants, and solid waste are included in the pollution specifications. Consumer and producer behavior, interindustry demands, foreign trade activity, and government expenditures are also explicitly included. Lastly, it is a short-term equilibrium model and all analyses are based on comparative statics. The particular pollution-control policy analyzed in this study is based on setting environmental-quality constraints. Thesemore » constraints are implemented in the model by setting limitations on or reducing the allowable level of emissions of the various pollutants generated from all economic activity throughout the economy in toto.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5532523
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Thesis (Ph. D.)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; POLLUTION ABATEMENT; COST; ECONOMIC IMPACT; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; ECONOMICS; GOVERNMENT POLICIES; 290300* - Energy Planning & Policy- Environment, Health, & Safety; 290200 - Energy Planning & Policy- Economics & Sociology

Citation Formats

Willett, K D. General-equilibrium analysis of the economic effects of pollution-control policies. United States: N. p., 1982. Web.
Willett, K D. General-equilibrium analysis of the economic effects of pollution-control policies. United States.
Willett, K D. Fri . "General-equilibrium analysis of the economic effects of pollution-control policies". United States.
@article{osti_5532523,
title = {General-equilibrium analysis of the economic effects of pollution-control policies},
author = {Willett, K D},
abstractNote = {This study applies a quantitative general-equilibrium model to the question of computing the economic incidence of pollution-control policies. The major concern is with a general-equilibrium computation of the full costs of pollution abatement, and is not addressed to questions of measurement of benefits. Pollutants are incorporated into the model as negative by-products of industrial activities. The model, itself, is structured after a recently developed linear-programming system which is designed to compute a competitive-market general-equilibrium solution. In empirical terms, the study is concerned with measurement of the incidence and allocative effects of imposing environmental-quality constraints in a general-equilibrium framework for the US economy in 1972. Thus, a detailed numerical model of the economy and related pollution activities is constructed as part of the study. The model includes ten industries and two income groups classified by types of factor income payments. Five air pollutants, seven water pollutants, and solid waste are included in the pollution specifications. Consumer and producer behavior, interindustry demands, foreign trade activity, and government expenditures are also explicitly included. Lastly, it is a short-term equilibrium model and all analyses are based on comparative statics. The particular pollution-control policy analyzed in this study is based on setting environmental-quality constraints. These constraints are implemented in the model by setting limitations on or reducing the allowable level of emissions of the various pollutants generated from all economic activity throughout the economy in toto.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5532523}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1982},
month = {1}
}

Thesis/Dissertation:
Other availability
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