skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Calcar bone graft

Abstract

A canine model was developed to investigate the use of an autogeneic iliac bone graft to treat the calcar deficiency commonly found at the time of revision surgery for femoral component loosening. Five large male mixed-breed dogs had bilateral total hip arthroplasty staged at three-month intervals, and were sacrificed at six months. Prior to cementing the femoral component, an experimental calcar defect was made, and a bicortical iliac bone graft was fashioned to fill the defect. Serial roentgenograms showed the grafts had united with no resorption. Technetium-99 bone scans showed more uptake at three months than at six months in the graft region. Disulfine blue injection indicated all grafts were perfused at both three and six months. Thin section histology, fluorochromes, and microradiographs confirmed graft viability in all dogs. Semiquantitative grading of the fluorochromes indicated new bone deposition in 20%-50% of each graft at three months and 50%-80% at six months. Although the calcar bone graft was uniformly successful in this canine study, the clinical application of this technique should be evaluated by long-term results in humans.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, Davis
OSTI Identifier:
5530698
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.; (United States); Journal Volume: 202
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; BONE JOINTS; GRAFTS; MICRORADIOGRAPHY; SCINTISCANNING; BIOLOGICAL MODELS; BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY; DOGS; FEMUR; HEALING; TECHNETIUM; TECHNETIUM 99; ANIMALS; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BIOLOGICAL RECOVERY; BODY; COUNTING TECHNIQUES; DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES; ELEMENTS; HOURS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; INTERMEDIATE MASS NUCLEI; ISOMERIC TRANSITION ISOTOPES; ISOTOPES; MAMMALS; MEDICINE; METALS; NUCLEAR MEDICINE; NUCLEI; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; ORGANS; RADIOISOTOPE SCANNING; RADIOISOTOPES; RADIOLOGY; RECOVERY; SKELETON; TECHNETIUM ISOTOPES; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; TRANSPLANTS; VERTEBRATES; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; 550601* - Medicine- Unsealed Radionuclides in Diagnostics

Citation Formats

Bargar, W.L., Paul, H.A., Merritt, K., and Sharkey, N.. Calcar bone graft. United States: N. p., 1986. Web. doi:10.1097/00003086-198601000-00039.
Bargar, W.L., Paul, H.A., Merritt, K., & Sharkey, N.. Calcar bone graft. United States. doi:10.1097/00003086-198601000-00039.
Bargar, W.L., Paul, H.A., Merritt, K., and Sharkey, N.. Wed . "Calcar bone graft". United States. doi:10.1097/00003086-198601000-00039.
@article{osti_5530698,
title = {Calcar bone graft},
author = {Bargar, W.L. and Paul, H.A. and Merritt, K. and Sharkey, N.},
abstractNote = {A canine model was developed to investigate the use of an autogeneic iliac bone graft to treat the calcar deficiency commonly found at the time of revision surgery for femoral component loosening. Five large male mixed-breed dogs had bilateral total hip arthroplasty staged at three-month intervals, and were sacrificed at six months. Prior to cementing the femoral component, an experimental calcar defect was made, and a bicortical iliac bone graft was fashioned to fill the defect. Serial roentgenograms showed the grafts had united with no resorption. Technetium-99 bone scans showed more uptake at three months than at six months in the graft region. Disulfine blue injection indicated all grafts were perfused at both three and six months. Thin section histology, fluorochromes, and microradiographs confirmed graft viability in all dogs. Semiquantitative grading of the fluorochromes indicated new bone deposition in 20%-50% of each graft at three months and 50%-80% at six months. Although the calcar bone graft was uniformly successful in this canine study, the clinical application of this technique should be evaluated by long-term results in humans.},
doi = {10.1097/00003086-198601000-00039},
journal = {Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 202,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1986},
month = {Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1986}
}