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Title: Characterization and enhancement of the fiber-matrix adhesion in pitch-based carbon fiber/epoxy matrix composites

Abstract

The level of fiber-matrix adhesion present in Tonen HM pitch-based carbon fiber/EPON 828 epoxy matrix composite materials was characterized. It was determined that the failure of a weak layer on the fiber surface was likely responsible for the poor base case fiber-matrix adhesion. A number of fiber treatments, designed to enhance the strength of the fiber-matrix interfacial bond were evaluated. Two classes of fiber treatments were considered. The first group was designed specifically to improve the chemical bonding between the fiber and matrix. The second group of treatments was designed to have the capability to remove weak regions on the fiber surface, in addition to increasing the degree of chemical interaction between the fiber and matrix. The treatments designed to enhance only the chemical bonding between the fiber and matrix were applied to unsized HM fibers which had previously received a proprietary, oxidative surface treatment by the manufacturer (i.e., HMS fibers). It was concluded that the effectiveness of these treatments was dependent upon the level of fiber-matrix adhesion present for the base fibers. An electrochemical treatment in ammonium sulfate, potentially capable of removing weak graphitic regions on the fiber surface, and also increasing the fiber-matrix chemical interactions, was subsequently developed.more » This treatment was observed (using the embedded single fiber and short beam shear tests) to produce strong fiber-matrix interfacial bonding, even when the base case adhesion was weak.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Wyoming Univ., Laramie, WY (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
5526029
Resource Type:
Miscellaneous
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Thesis (Ph.D.)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CARBON FIBERS; FAILURES; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; SURFACE TREATMENTS; EPOXIDES; ADHESION; BONDING; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; COMPRESSION STRENGTH; INTERFACES; SHEAR PROPERTIES; FABRICATION; FIBERS; JOINING; MATERIALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; 360601* - Other Materials- Preparation & Manufacture; 360603 - Materials- Properties

Citation Formats

King, T R. Characterization and enhancement of the fiber-matrix adhesion in pitch-based carbon fiber/epoxy matrix composites. United States: N. p., 1989. Web.
King, T R. Characterization and enhancement of the fiber-matrix adhesion in pitch-based carbon fiber/epoxy matrix composites. United States.
King, T R. Sun . "Characterization and enhancement of the fiber-matrix adhesion in pitch-based carbon fiber/epoxy matrix composites". United States.
@article{osti_5526029,
title = {Characterization and enhancement of the fiber-matrix adhesion in pitch-based carbon fiber/epoxy matrix composites},
author = {King, T R},
abstractNote = {The level of fiber-matrix adhesion present in Tonen HM pitch-based carbon fiber/EPON 828 epoxy matrix composite materials was characterized. It was determined that the failure of a weak layer on the fiber surface was likely responsible for the poor base case fiber-matrix adhesion. A number of fiber treatments, designed to enhance the strength of the fiber-matrix interfacial bond were evaluated. Two classes of fiber treatments were considered. The first group was designed specifically to improve the chemical bonding between the fiber and matrix. The second group of treatments was designed to have the capability to remove weak regions on the fiber surface, in addition to increasing the degree of chemical interaction between the fiber and matrix. The treatments designed to enhance only the chemical bonding between the fiber and matrix were applied to unsized HM fibers which had previously received a proprietary, oxidative surface treatment by the manufacturer (i.e., HMS fibers). It was concluded that the effectiveness of these treatments was dependent upon the level of fiber-matrix adhesion present for the base fibers. An electrochemical treatment in ammonium sulfate, potentially capable of removing weak graphitic regions on the fiber surface, and also increasing the fiber-matrix chemical interactions, was subsequently developed. This treatment was observed (using the embedded single fiber and short beam shear tests) to produce strong fiber-matrix interfacial bonding, even when the base case adhesion was weak.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1989},
month = {1}
}

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