skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Acid rain sourcebook

Abstract

Discusses the problem of acid rain and how it can be controlled. The book is divided into seven key sections: the problem and the legislative solutions; international mitigation programs; planning the US program; emissions reduction-before combustion; emissions/reduction-during combustion; emissions reduction-after combustion and engineering solutions under development. 13 papers have been abstracted separately.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5504986
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 5504986
Report Number(s):
CONF-8403196-
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 1. international conference on acid rain, Washington, DC, USA, 27 Mar 1984
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ACID RAIN; BOILERS; COAL PREPARATION; COMBINED-CYCLE POWER PLANTS; DESULFURIZATION; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY; FLUE GAS; FLUIDIZED BED BOILERS; FLUIDIZED-BED COMBUSTION; FOSSIL-FUEL POWER PLANTS; LEADING ABSTRACT; MEETINGS; PILOT PLANTS; POLLUTION CONTROL; POLLUTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT; POLLUTION REGULATIONS; SCRUBBING; SULFUR DIOXIDE; USA; WASHING; ABSTRACTS; ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATIONS; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CLEANING; COMBUSTION; CONTROL; DOCUMENT TYPES; ECONOMICS; EQUIPMENT; EUROPE; FUNCTIONAL MODELS; GASEOUS WASTES; NORTH AMERICA; OXIDATION; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POWER PLANTS; RAIN; REGULATIONS; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR OXIDES; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; WASTES; WESTERN EUROPE 010900* -- Coal, Lignite, & Peat-- Environmental Aspects; 500200 -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Elliott, T.C., and Schwieger, R.G. Acid rain sourcebook. United States: N. p., 1984. Web.
Elliott, T.C., & Schwieger, R.G. Acid rain sourcebook. United States.
Elliott, T.C., and Schwieger, R.G. Sun . "Acid rain sourcebook". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_5504986,
title = {Acid rain sourcebook},
author = {Elliott, T.C. and Schwieger, R.G.},
abstractNote = {Discusses the problem of acid rain and how it can be controlled. The book is divided into seven key sections: the problem and the legislative solutions; international mitigation programs; planning the US program; emissions reduction-before combustion; emissions/reduction-during combustion; emissions reduction-after combustion and engineering solutions under development. 13 papers have been abstracted separately.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1984},
month = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1984}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share:
  • A reference collection of specialized information discussions on areas critical to the acid rain issue: problem definition, impact of legislation, emissions standards, international perspective, cost scenarios, and engineering solutions. The text is reinforced with 130 illustrations and about 50 tables. Contents: International mitigation programs. Emissions reduction: before combustion; during combustion; after combustion. Engineering solutions under development.
  • The energetics of the nonhydrated and monohydrated reaction NO2 + OH {r_arrow} HNO3 were studied using computational methods. Energetic and structural data were obtained using high level ab initio calculations (up to MP4 for energetics). The activation energy was calculated to be around 8 kcal/mol for the nonhydrated system, but the presence of a single water molecule completely eliminated the barrier to nitric acid formation. The hydration of this atmospheric reaction significantly stabilizes the transition structure, leading to an activation energy of about -1 kcal/mol for the reaction. This suggests that enthalpically the reactants may spontaneously form nitric acid inmore » the lower atmosphere where water is available for catalysis, resulting in further production of acid rain.« less
  • The Workshop on Deposition was organized to determine the state of the knowledge on the topic of acid deposition in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. The format of the workshop was set to provide reports on specific research in progress, a forum for discussion and an opportunity for some conclusions to be drawn in the following areas: Environmental effects; Atmospheric systems; Monitoring networks; Emissions, and Economics. Separate analytics have been done for chapters within the scope of the Energy Data Base.
  • This paper concludes that a phased-in approach to emission controls for existing coal-fired powerplants -- triggered when plants reach 30 years of age -- could provide both significant near- and long-term SO/sub 2/ emission reductions, and allow sufficient time for advanced clean coal technologies to be commercially demonstrated and subsequently retrofitted to coal-fired powerplants. This approach also would close a loophole in the Clean Air Act allowing utilities to extend the lifetimes of powerplants without reducing emissions.
  • The passage of the proposed acid rain control legislation in the present form will require certain utilities to significantly reduce sulfur dioxide emissions. Although a number of options are available, for some utilities the addition of flue gas desulfurization systems at existing coal-fired generation stations will probably be the most cost-effective option. Such appears to be the case for Associated Electric Cooperative, Inc. (AECI), which has four large generating units that burn locally mined high-sulfur coal. The first two units are at a mine-mouth plant. The second two units are at a plant that receives coal by barge from nearbymore » high-sulfur seams and, likewise, has low coal transportation and total coal costs. This paper examines the methodology used to determine the estimated economic impact of retrofitting flue gas desulfurization systems at AECI's existing coalfired generating stations. Insights are developed into establishing the preliminary design criteria that can have a major impact on capital and operating costs. This is an area of concern for utility planning and staff engineers responsible for capital improvement projects. A capital cost estimating methodology is also examined.« less