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Title: Needed research on the terrestrial effects of coal gasification and liquefaction technologies

Abstract

The Terrestrial Effects panel discussed the needed direction and techniques for future research in the terrestrial effects of new coal conversion technologies. Panel members concurred on the need for changes in emphasis, approach, and even attitude in environmental research. The following are the basic perceptions of the panel: Our goal is to provide for environmentally amenable technologies in coal conversion and product distribution, especially focusing on pollutants entering pathways to man. Highest research priority, therefore, should be given to solid wastes, and especially their leachates. A shift in research emphasis is needed. Whereas we have been accustomed to investigating acute effects of pollutants immediately surrounding their source, we should now explore the sublethal, long-term effects of pollutants carried farther from their source. These may in fact become the more dangerous of the two through bioconcentration. Research of this kind should help us to predict deleterious effects before they are felt. Another needed reverse in typical environmental research strategy is to perform biological characterization before source characterization. Time for the needed research is running out. In order to make meaningful progress within a short time frame, we will have to narrow the focus of our research to include only the mostmore » serious effects and only their most likely causes. To investigate these, just a few best alternative modes of operation could be selected and then constructed on a full commercial scale. Perhaps more than ever before, cooperation between disciplines is essential. Ecologists, biologists, engineers, and statisticians must pool their knowledge and ideas in solving these problems. The panel was encouraged by the success of their own cross-disciplinary efforts as reflected in this summary.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Battelle Pacific Northwest Labs., Richland, WA (USA)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
5480627
Report Number(s):
PNL-SA-7553; CONF-7808121-1
DOE Contract Number:  
EY-76-C-06-1830
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Workshop on environmental research needs for coal liquefaction/fasification technologies, Leesburg, VA, USA, Aug 1978
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; COAL GASIFICATION PLANTS; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; COAL LIQUEFACTION PLANTS; AIR POLLUTION; BASELINE ECOLOGY; BIOLOGICAL ACCUMULATION; COAL GASIFICATION; COAL LIQUEFACTION; EMISSION; LEACHING; RECOMMENDATIONS; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; SOLID WASTES; DISSOLUTION; ECOLOGY; GASIFICATION; INDUSTRIAL PLANTS; LIQUEFACTION; POLLUTION; SEPARATION PROCESSES; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; WASTES; 010900* - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Environmental Aspects; 010404 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Gasification; 010405 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Hydrogenation & Liquefaction

Citation Formats

States, J. B., Harris, W. F., Haug, P. T., Kingsbury, G., Preston, E., Risser, P., Scott, R., Small, R., Stevens, D., and Taylor, J. E. Needed research on the terrestrial effects of coal gasification and liquefaction technologies. United States: N. p., 1979. Web.
States, J. B., Harris, W. F., Haug, P. T., Kingsbury, G., Preston, E., Risser, P., Scott, R., Small, R., Stevens, D., & Taylor, J. E. Needed research on the terrestrial effects of coal gasification and liquefaction technologies. United States.
States, J. B., Harris, W. F., Haug, P. T., Kingsbury, G., Preston, E., Risser, P., Scott, R., Small, R., Stevens, D., and Taylor, J. E. Thu . "Needed research on the terrestrial effects of coal gasification and liquefaction technologies". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/5480627.
@article{osti_5480627,
title = {Needed research on the terrestrial effects of coal gasification and liquefaction technologies},
author = {States, J. B. and Harris, W. F. and Haug, P. T. and Kingsbury, G. and Preston, E. and Risser, P. and Scott, R. and Small, R. and Stevens, D. and Taylor, J. E.},
abstractNote = {The Terrestrial Effects panel discussed the needed direction and techniques for future research in the terrestrial effects of new coal conversion technologies. Panel members concurred on the need for changes in emphasis, approach, and even attitude in environmental research. The following are the basic perceptions of the panel: Our goal is to provide for environmentally amenable technologies in coal conversion and product distribution, especially focusing on pollutants entering pathways to man. Highest research priority, therefore, should be given to solid wastes, and especially their leachates. A shift in research emphasis is needed. Whereas we have been accustomed to investigating acute effects of pollutants immediately surrounding their source, we should now explore the sublethal, long-term effects of pollutants carried farther from their source. These may in fact become the more dangerous of the two through bioconcentration. Research of this kind should help us to predict deleterious effects before they are felt. Another needed reverse in typical environmental research strategy is to perform biological characterization before source characterization. Time for the needed research is running out. In order to make meaningful progress within a short time frame, we will have to narrow the focus of our research to include only the most serious effects and only their most likely causes. To investigate these, just a few best alternative modes of operation could be selected and then constructed on a full commercial scale. Perhaps more than ever before, cooperation between disciplines is essential. Ecologists, biologists, engineers, and statisticians must pool their knowledge and ideas in solving these problems. The panel was encouraged by the success of their own cross-disciplinary efforts as reflected in this summary.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {2}
}

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