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Title: Economic implications of substituting plant oils for diesel fuel. Volume 2. Final report

Abstract

This study of expected economic impacts of substituting plant oils for diesel fuel consisted of two components: (1) analysis of oilseed production and oilseed crushing capacity in the US and Texas and (2) simulation of impacts on US cropping patterns, crop prices, producer rent, and consumer surplus. The primary oilseed crops considered were soybeans, cottonseed, sunflowers, and peanuts. 19 references, 2 figures, 14 tables.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Texas A and M Univ., College Station (USA). Dept. of Agricultural Economics
OSTI Identifier:
5478225
Report Number(s):
TENRAC/EDF-110-Vol.2
ON: DE84900428
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; 10 SYNTHETIC FUELS; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; COTTONSEED OIL; FUEL SUBSTITUTION; ECONOMIC IMPACT; PEANUT OIL; SOYBEAN OIL; VEGETABLE OILS; CROPS; DIESEL FUELS; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; PRICES; SIMULATION; SUNFLOWERS; SUPPLY AND DEMAND; TEXAS; ECONOMICS; ESTERS; FEDERAL REGION VI; LIPIDS; NORTH AMERICA; OILS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; PLANTS; TRIGLYCERIDES; USA 530100* -- Environmental-Social Aspects of Energy Technologies-- Social & Economic Studies-- (-1989); 140504 -- Solar Energy Conversion-- Biomass Production & Conversion-- (-1989); 090100 -- Hydrocarbon Fuels-- (-1989); 330800 -- Emission Control-- Alternative Fuels; 299003 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Unconventional Sources & Power Generation-- Other-- (-1989); 290200 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Economics & Sociology

Citation Formats

Griffin, R.C., Collins, G.S., Lacewell, R.D., and Chang, H.C. Economic implications of substituting plant oils for diesel fuel. Volume 2. Final report. United States: N. p., 1983. Web.
Griffin, R.C., Collins, G.S., Lacewell, R.D., & Chang, H.C. Economic implications of substituting plant oils for diesel fuel. Volume 2. Final report. United States.
Griffin, R.C., Collins, G.S., Lacewell, R.D., and Chang, H.C. 1983. "Economic implications of substituting plant oils for diesel fuel. Volume 2. Final report". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_5478225,
title = {Economic implications of substituting plant oils for diesel fuel. Volume 2. Final report},
author = {Griffin, R.C. and Collins, G.S. and Lacewell, R.D. and Chang, H.C.},
abstractNote = {This study of expected economic impacts of substituting plant oils for diesel fuel consisted of two components: (1) analysis of oilseed production and oilseed crushing capacity in the US and Texas and (2) simulation of impacts on US cropping patterns, crop prices, producer rent, and consumer surplus. The primary oilseed crops considered were soybeans, cottonseed, sunflowers, and peanuts. 19 references, 2 figures, 14 tables.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1983,
month = 8
}

Technical Report:
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  • A regional field crop and national livestock econometric model (TECHSIM) was used to examine the impacts of diverting plant oils (cottonseed and soybeans) to use as a diesel fuel replacement. Two scenarios which represented a five and ten percent replacement of agriculture's diesel fuel use by plant oils were simulated. Producers shift into cotton and soybean production and out of corn, small grains and grain sorghum. Significant price shifts were estimated for cottonseed and soybean meal and oil, fed beef, pork and sheep. The annual reduction in social well being was estimated at about $.5 billion and over $1 billionmore » for replacement of 5 and 10 percent, respectively of agricultural's diesel fuel use by plant oils. 2 figures, 4 tables.« less
  • The annual total yield of plant oils in the US is about 3.7 billion gallons. Diesel use by agriculture is about 2.0 billion gallons annually and is growing rapidly relative to gasoline use. Based on these amounts, plant oils could satisfy agriculture's diesel fuel requirements during the near future. However, diversion of large quantities of plant oils for such purposes would have dramatic impacts on plant oil prices and be reflected in numerous adjustments throughout agriculture and other sectors of the economy. The competitive position of sunflowers for plant oil production in Texas was analyzed. In those regions with amore » cotton alternative, sunflowers were not, for the most part, economically competitive. However, sunflower production is competitive with grain sorghum in certain cases. To develop a meaningful production base for oilseed crops in Texas, yields need to be improved or increases in oilseed prices relative to cotton must take place. This implies some limitations for the potential of Texas to produce large quantities of plant oils.« less
  • This project includes evaluations of cottonseed oils and sunflower oil ethyl esters in both direct injection and precombustion chamber design diesel engines. It is one part of a major research program at Texas A and M University to study the technical feasibility of using plant oils or animal fats as alternative diesel fuels. Goals for the overall program are to define physical and chemical characteristics and optimum processing methods required for high quality alternative diesel fuels from plant or animal oils and to investigate effects of engine design on alternative fuel performance. This report describes work done under the currentmore » contract which includes evaluations of cottonseed oils and sunflower oil interesterified with ethanol as alternative diesel fuels. 15 figures, 18 tables.« less
  • A fractionation scheme has been developed to separate diesel fuels into neutral water solubles, acidic components, basic components, saturated hydrocarbons, substituted benzenes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polar neutrals. A sample of conventional petroleum diesel fuel and a sample of diesel fuel derived from Paraho crude shale oil by the Gary-Western process were fractionated by this procedure. Each fraction was further analyzed by gas chromatography and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The petroleum sample was found to contain 17.5% total aromatics of which 9.5% were polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons compounds. However, the Paraho-Gray Western shale oil fuel contained about twice as much totalmore » aromatics (38.2%) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons compounds (19.3%). The total acyclic hydrocarbon straight chain compounds content was 66.7% for the petroleum sample and 59,3% for the Paraho-Gary Western shale sample. Suggestions for further work are also made.« less
  • The state-of-the-art of using vegetable oil as a diesel fuel alternative is reviewed. Particular emphasis has been placed on using vegetable oil in farm vehicles as an emergency fuel which may be produced on-farm. The following are reviewed: the mechanical feasibility, on-farm fuel production, and economic analysis.