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Title: Reuse of treated municipal wastewater as makeup to circulating cooling systems

Abstract

Economic, energy, and environmental benefits of reusing treated municipal wastewater for industrial cooling are discussed. Makeup waters that have been successfully used in various nations fall in the range 10-30 mg/l BOD, 30-50 mg/l phosphate, 1000-1500 mg/l total dissolved solids and 30-70 mg/l ammonia. Major problems are phosphate scale and biological fouling. Usual wastewater treatments are lime clarification and chlorination. Most of the industrial users of recycled wastewater are power plants, but industries using carbon-steel heat exchangers have also used treated wastewater for industrial cooling. (3 diagrams, 2 graphs, 47 references, 5 tables)

Authors:
; ;
Research Org.:
Water Purification Assoc
OSTI Identifier:
5473393
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Ind. Water Eng.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 16:4
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; WASTE WATER; RECYCLING; COOLANTS; EVALUATION; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; LIQUID WASTES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; WASTES; WATER; 320604* - Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization- Municipalities & Community Systems- Municipal Waste Management- (1980-)

Citation Formats

Goldstein, D J, Wei, I W, and Hicks, R E. Reuse of treated municipal wastewater as makeup to circulating cooling systems. United States: N. p., Web.
Goldstein, D J, Wei, I W, & Hicks, R E. Reuse of treated municipal wastewater as makeup to circulating cooling systems. United States.
Goldstein, D J, Wei, I W, and Hicks, R E. . "Reuse of treated municipal wastewater as makeup to circulating cooling systems". United States.
@article{osti_5473393,
title = {Reuse of treated municipal wastewater as makeup to circulating cooling systems},
author = {Goldstein, D J and Wei, I W and Hicks, R E},
abstractNote = {Economic, energy, and environmental benefits of reusing treated municipal wastewater for industrial cooling are discussed. Makeup waters that have been successfully used in various nations fall in the range 10-30 mg/l BOD, 30-50 mg/l phosphate, 1000-1500 mg/l total dissolved solids and 30-70 mg/l ammonia. Major problems are phosphate scale and biological fouling. Usual wastewater treatments are lime clarification and chlorination. Most of the industrial users of recycled wastewater are power plants, but industries using carbon-steel heat exchangers have also used treated wastewater for industrial cooling. (3 diagrams, 2 graphs, 47 references, 5 tables)},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5473393}, journal = {Ind. Water Eng.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 16:4,
place = {United States},
year = {},
month = {}
}