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Title: Life state response to environmental crisis: the case of the Love Canal, Niagara Falls, New York

Abstract

This thesis explored the differences between two life stages - young and old - in perceiving and responding to man-made environmental disaster, as well as the support resources utilized to cope with disaster - personal, familial/friendship, and organizational. Because of the characteristics of man-made environmental disaster, and because of the different conditions of life and constructions of reality of older and younger families, it was expected that definitions of the situation would vary by life stage and locus of control - authoritative and personal. The research took place in the Love Canal neighborhood of Niagara Falls, New York. Fifty-eight families were interviewed in the fall of 1978, and thirty-nine of these families were reinterviewed in the spring of 1979. Interviews were tape recorded, transcribed, and coded. The data were presented in contingency tables and interview excerpts. The interview schedules elicited information of perception of impact, responses to impact, and the utilization of support resources. In an authoritative locus of control situation, the major findings were that both older and younger families perceived impact, that older families were slightly less disrupted, that younger families relied on organizational and familial/friendship support resources, and that older families relied on familial/friendship support resources.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
State Univ. of New York, Buffalo (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5467128
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 5467128
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Thesis (Ph. D.)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; ATTITUDES; LAND POLLUTION; NEW YORK; ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY; WATER POLLUTION; AGE DEPENDENCE; DATA ANALYSIS; FEDERAL REGION II; NORTH AMERICA; POLLUTION; USA 290300* -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Environment, Health, & Safety; 510200 -- Environment, Terrestrial-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989); 520200 -- Environment, Aquatic-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Masters, S.K.. Life state response to environmental crisis: the case of the Love Canal, Niagara Falls, New York. United States: N. p., 1986. Web.
Masters, S.K.. Life state response to environmental crisis: the case of the Love Canal, Niagara Falls, New York. United States.
Masters, S.K.. Wed . "Life state response to environmental crisis: the case of the Love Canal, Niagara Falls, New York". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_5467128,
title = {Life state response to environmental crisis: the case of the Love Canal, Niagara Falls, New York},
author = {Masters, S.K.},
abstractNote = {This thesis explored the differences between two life stages - young and old - in perceiving and responding to man-made environmental disaster, as well as the support resources utilized to cope with disaster - personal, familial/friendship, and organizational. Because of the characteristics of man-made environmental disaster, and because of the different conditions of life and constructions of reality of older and younger families, it was expected that definitions of the situation would vary by life stage and locus of control - authoritative and personal. The research took place in the Love Canal neighborhood of Niagara Falls, New York. Fifty-eight families were interviewed in the fall of 1978, and thirty-nine of these families were reinterviewed in the spring of 1979. Interviews were tape recorded, transcribed, and coded. The data were presented in contingency tables and interview excerpts. The interview schedules elicited information of perception of impact, responses to impact, and the utilization of support resources. In an authoritative locus of control situation, the major findings were that both older and younger families perceived impact, that older families were slightly less disrupted, that younger families relied on organizational and familial/friendship support resources, and that older families relied on familial/friendship support resources.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1986},
month = {Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1986}
}

Thesis/Dissertation:
Other availability
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  • The Love Canal site is located in the southeast corner of the city of Niagara Falls and is approximately one-quarter mile north of the Niagara River. The canal was one of two initial excavations designed to provide inexpensive hydroelectric power for industrial development around the turn of the 20th century. Hooker Chemicals and Plastics Corporation (Hooker), now Occidental Chemical Corporation, disposed of over 21,000 tons of chemical wastes, including dioxin-tainted trichlorophenols, into Love Canal between 1942 and 1953. In the mid to late 1970s, continued periods of high precipitation contributed to water accumulation in the disposal area causing chemically-contaminated leachatemore » to be carried to the surface and into contact with residential-basement foundations. Also, dioxin and other contaminants migrated from Love Canal to the sewers which have outfalls to nearby creeks. The remedial program at Love Canal has been extensive and has occurred in two phases. Approximately 30,400 cu yd - 40,900 cu yd of creek and sewer sediments are contaminated with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, commonly referred to as dioxin.« less
  • This investigation reveals factors affecting decisions on environment, and provides some understanding of the decision process. The framework provides a vocabulary that assists communication about environmental policy and management. The framework is used to explore allegations against the Wetlands Act. The study reveals that the role of environmental managers in the Act was limited by their general absence from the policy process. Their contribution was not based on ecological science, but rather on popularized ecology. Environmental managers tend to confuse facts and values in the policy process and are uneasy with value balancing that occurs in policy making. No policymore » analysis was undertaken to establish the fact on wetlands. In order to improve environmental policy, environmental managers ought to base their input into society's decision process on ecological science and make clear the limits of their knowledge. They should be trained in ecology. Environmental managers also need a greater exposure to social sciences and the policy arena, and to be trained in policy analysis. A curriculum for training environmental managers in line with recommendations is outlined.« less
  • This document describes the environmental monitoring program at the Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS) and surrounding area, implementation of the program, and monitoring results for 1991. Environmental monitoring at NFSS began in 1981. The site is owned by the US Department of Energy (DOE) and is assigned to the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). FUSRAP is a program to decontaminate or otherwise control sites where residual radioactive materials remain from the early years of the nation's atomic energy program or from commercial operations causing conditions that Congress has authorized DOE to remedy. The environmental monitoring program atmore » NFSS includes sampling networks for radon concentrations in air; external gamma radiation exposure; and total uranium and radium-226 concentrations in surface water, sediments, and groundwater. Additionally, several nonradiological parameters including seven metals are routinely measured in groundwater. Monitoring results are compared with applicable Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards, DOE derived concentration guides (DCGs), dose limits, and other requirements in DOE orders. Environmental standards are established to protect public health and the environment.« less
  • A survey of local officials, used to define the rural planning model and the degree to which natural environmental factors play a role in rural planning, reveals the planning model in rural New York is limited in its ability to address either land use or other environmental issues, as a result of three flaws in the planning process: (1) Towns fail to identify environmental problems and issues. (2) Once recognized, problems are not addressed until they reach an undefined threshold. (3) After problems have addressed, the community feels it is coping with the problems and fails to activate a feedbackmore » loop. It is because of these flaws that rural planning remains predominantly ad hoc and fails to meet local needs. The planning model also fails to address environmental issues to any great extent, given the failure to identify such issues in a comprehensive manner.« less
  • This thesis examines the impacts on the agricultural sector of western New York State of alternative environmental and energy policies. Environmental quality is measured by gross soil loss and an index measuring the environmental exposure to pesticides. One of the measures of energy use is the amount of diesel fuel used in the cropping activities. Another measure is the indirect energy encompassed in the pesticide and fertilizer inputs. In addition to investigating the impacts of reduced fuel supplies and lower soil-loss levels, the impacts of several ethanol production policies are investigated with respect to their effect on the regional levelsmore » of the energy and environmental variables included in this study. A synthesis of the regional and representative farm approaches to modelling agricultural production responses is used within a linear-programming model. A multiple objective form of the model is constructed which considers the simultaneous policy objectives of maximizing farm income, minimizing energy use, and the maintenance of environmental quality. The programming models reveal that efforts to reduce energy use and improve environmental quality require tradeoffs in terms of the levels of the other policy variables of concern in this study. These tradeoffs can be affected by the type of policy used.« less