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Title: Reducing air pollutant emissions at airports by controlling aircraft ground operations

Abstract

Methods of reducing aircraft pollution emissions by employing more effective ground operation strategies were examined. Methods were evaluated in terms of safety, cost, and fuel savings as well as pollution reduction. The methods studied were: aircraft towing between runways and terminal gates; shutdown of one engine during taxi operations; improved control of departure times; and assignment of runways to aircraft to minimize distance between the gate and runway. Aircraft towing and the shutdown of one engine during taxi operations were found to reduce emissions significantly, as much as 25-50% for carbon monoxide and total hydrocarbon. Engine shutdown could cause a slight increase in nitrogen oxide levels. Aircraft towing practices were found to cause many safety problems. Engine shutdown was determined to be the most viable of the four strategies. (2 diagrams, 2 graphs, 6 references, 1 table)

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Env Services, Calif; Peat, Marwick, Mitchell and Co, San Francisco
OSTI Identifier:
5452911
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 29:2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; AIRCRAFT; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL; COST; ENERGY CONSERVATION; SAFETY; POLLUTION CONTROL; 500200* - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 320200 - Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization- Transportation

Citation Formats

Gelinas, C.G., and Fan, H.S.L. Reducing air pollutant emissions at airports by controlling aircraft ground operations. United States: N. p., 1979. Web. doi:10.1080/00022470.1979.10470766.
Gelinas, C.G., & Fan, H.S.L. Reducing air pollutant emissions at airports by controlling aircraft ground operations. United States. doi:10.1080/00022470.1979.10470766.
Gelinas, C.G., and Fan, H.S.L. Thu . "Reducing air pollutant emissions at airports by controlling aircraft ground operations". United States. doi:10.1080/00022470.1979.10470766.
@article{osti_5452911,
title = {Reducing air pollutant emissions at airports by controlling aircraft ground operations},
author = {Gelinas, C.G. and Fan, H.S.L.},
abstractNote = {Methods of reducing aircraft pollution emissions by employing more effective ground operation strategies were examined. Methods were evaluated in terms of safety, cost, and fuel savings as well as pollution reduction. The methods studied were: aircraft towing between runways and terminal gates; shutdown of one engine during taxi operations; improved control of departure times; and assignment of runways to aircraft to minimize distance between the gate and runway. Aircraft towing and the shutdown of one engine during taxi operations were found to reduce emissions significantly, as much as 25-50% for carbon monoxide and total hydrocarbon. Engine shutdown could cause a slight increase in nitrogen oxide levels. Aircraft towing practices were found to cause many safety problems. Engine shutdown was determined to be the most viable of the four strategies. (2 diagrams, 2 graphs, 6 references, 1 table)},
doi = {10.1080/00022470.1979.10470766},
journal = {J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 29:2,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {2}
}