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Title: Particulate emission factors for small wood and coal stoves

Abstract

Emission factors for particulate matter and carbon monoxide have been measured for wood, anthracite coal, and bituminous coal burned in residential heaters operated at less than 15 kW (50,000 Btu/hr). In these studies the stove effluent is mixed with about four volumes of outside air and samples are collected about two minutes after mixing. The main purpose of using this sampling method is to simulate atmospheric conditions more closely. Particulate samples are collected on 20 x 25 cm filters after cyclone preseparation of particles larger than 4 ..mu..m. Carbon monoxide concentrations are measured with Draeger tubes. Particulate emission factors for wood ranged from 1.6 to 6.4 g/kg (fuel) and were found to depend on the fuel load and the firing rate, as indicated by earlier studies. These values are substantially less than the values obtained previously for stoves operated under similar conditions. The average particulate emission factors for bituminous and anthracite coal are 10.4 and 0.50 g/kg, respectively. Carbon monoxide emission factors for wood, bituminous, and anthracite coal are 100, 116, and 21 g/kg, respectively.

Authors:
 [1];
  1. Bowdoin Coll., Brunswick, ME
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5444249
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 32:4
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; CARBON MONOXIDE; SAMPLING; COAL BURNING APPLIANCES; GASEOUS WASTES; PARTICULATES; WOOD BURNING APPLIANCES; AIR POLLUTION; ANTHRACITE; BITUMINOUS COAL; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; INDOOR AIR POLLUTION; WOOD; APPLIANCES; BLACK COAL; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; CHALCOGENIDES; COAL; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; MATERIALS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PARTICLES; POLLUTION; WASTES; 500200* - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 010900 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Environmental Aspects; 140504 - Solar Energy Conversion- Biomass Production & Conversion- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Butcher, S S, and Ellenbecker, M J. Particulate emission factors for small wood and coal stoves. United States: N. p., 1982. Web. doi:10.1080/00022470.1982.10465413.
Butcher, S S, & Ellenbecker, M J. Particulate emission factors for small wood and coal stoves. United States. doi:10.1080/00022470.1982.10465413.
Butcher, S S, and Ellenbecker, M J. Thu . "Particulate emission factors for small wood and coal stoves". United States. doi:10.1080/00022470.1982.10465413.
@article{osti_5444249,
title = {Particulate emission factors for small wood and coal stoves},
author = {Butcher, S S and Ellenbecker, M J},
abstractNote = {Emission factors for particulate matter and carbon monoxide have been measured for wood, anthracite coal, and bituminous coal burned in residential heaters operated at less than 15 kW (50,000 Btu/hr). In these studies the stove effluent is mixed with about four volumes of outside air and samples are collected about two minutes after mixing. The main purpose of using this sampling method is to simulate atmospheric conditions more closely. Particulate samples are collected on 20 x 25 cm filters after cyclone preseparation of particles larger than 4 ..mu..m. Carbon monoxide concentrations are measured with Draeger tubes. Particulate emission factors for wood ranged from 1.6 to 6.4 g/kg (fuel) and were found to depend on the fuel load and the firing rate, as indicated by earlier studies. These values are substantially less than the values obtained previously for stoves operated under similar conditions. The average particulate emission factors for bituminous and anthracite coal are 10.4 and 0.50 g/kg, respectively. Carbon monoxide emission factors for wood, bituminous, and anthracite coal are 100, 116, and 21 g/kg, respectively.},
doi = {10.1080/00022470.1982.10465413},
journal = {J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 32:4,
place = {United States},
year = {1982},
month = {4}
}