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Title: Uncertainty analysis of a nondestructive radioassay system for transuranic waste

Abstract

Radioassay of transuranic waste in 207 liter drums currently stored at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory is achieved using a Passive Active Neutron (PAN) nondestructive assay system. In order to meet data quality assurance requirements for shipping and eventual permanent storage of these drums at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in Carlsbad, New Mexico, the total uncertainty of the PAN system measurements must be assessed. In particular, the uncertainty calculations are required to include the effects of variations in waste matrix parameters and related variables on the final measurement results. Because of the complexities involved in introducing waste matrix parameter effects into the uncertainty calculations, standard methods of analysis (e.g., experimentation followed by propagation of errors) could not be implemented. Instead, a modified statistical sampling and verification approach was developed. In this modified approach the total performance of the PAN system is simulated using computer models of the assay system and the resultant output is compared with the known input to assess the total uncertainty. This paper describes the simulation process and illustrates its application to waste comprised of weapons grade plutonium-contaminated graphite molds.

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
544133
DOE Contract Number:  
AC07-94ID13223
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Waste Management
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 16; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: PBD: 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
05 NUCLEAR FUELS; ALPHA-BEARING WASTES; RADIOASSAY; NONDESTRUCTIVE ANALYSIS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE STORAGE; DATA COVARIANCES; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; WIPP

Citation Formats

Harker, Y D, Blackwood, L G, Meachum, T R, and Yoon, W Y. Uncertainty analysis of a nondestructive radioassay system for transuranic waste. United States: N. p., 1996. Web. doi:10.1016/S0956-053X(97)00005-6.
Harker, Y D, Blackwood, L G, Meachum, T R, & Yoon, W Y. Uncertainty analysis of a nondestructive radioassay system for transuranic waste. United States. doi:10.1016/S0956-053X(97)00005-6.
Harker, Y D, Blackwood, L G, Meachum, T R, and Yoon, W Y. Tue . "Uncertainty analysis of a nondestructive radioassay system for transuranic waste". United States. doi:10.1016/S0956-053X(97)00005-6.
@article{osti_544133,
title = {Uncertainty analysis of a nondestructive radioassay system for transuranic waste},
author = {Harker, Y D and Blackwood, L G and Meachum, T R and Yoon, W Y},
abstractNote = {Radioassay of transuranic waste in 207 liter drums currently stored at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory is achieved using a Passive Active Neutron (PAN) nondestructive assay system. In order to meet data quality assurance requirements for shipping and eventual permanent storage of these drums at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in Carlsbad, New Mexico, the total uncertainty of the PAN system measurements must be assessed. In particular, the uncertainty calculations are required to include the effects of variations in waste matrix parameters and related variables on the final measurement results. Because of the complexities involved in introducing waste matrix parameter effects into the uncertainty calculations, standard methods of analysis (e.g., experimentation followed by propagation of errors) could not be implemented. Instead, a modified statistical sampling and verification approach was developed. In this modified approach the total performance of the PAN system is simulated using computer models of the assay system and the resultant output is compared with the known input to assess the total uncertainty. This paper describes the simulation process and illustrates its application to waste comprised of weapons grade plutonium-contaminated graphite molds.},
doi = {10.1016/S0956-053X(97)00005-6},
journal = {Waste Management},
number = 7,
volume = 16,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {12}
}