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Title: Mortality of veteran participants in the crossroads nuclear test

Abstract

Operation CROSSROADS, conducted at Bikini Atoll in 1946, was the first post World War II test of nuclear weapons. Mortality experience of 40,000 military veteran participants in CROSSROADS was compared to that of a similar cohort of nonparticipating veterans. All-cause mortality of the participants was slightly increased over nonparticipants by 5% (p < .001). Smaller increases in participant mortality for all malignancies (1.4%, p = 0.26) or leukemia (2.0%, p = 0.9) were not statistically significant. These results do not support a hypothesis that radiation had increased participant cancer mortality over that of nonparticipants. 8 refs.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Institute of Medicine, Washington, DC (United States) [and others
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
543364
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Health Physics; Journal Volume: 73; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: PBD: Jul 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; 45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; MILITARY PERSONNEL; MORTALITY; BIKINI; LEUKEMIA; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS

Citation Formats

Johnson, J.C., Thaul, S., and Page, W.F. Mortality of veteran participants in the crossroads nuclear test. United States: N. p., 1997. Web. doi:10.1097/00004032-199707000-00015.
Johnson, J.C., Thaul, S., & Page, W.F. Mortality of veteran participants in the crossroads nuclear test. United States. doi:10.1097/00004032-199707000-00015.
Johnson, J.C., Thaul, S., and Page, W.F. Tue . "Mortality of veteran participants in the crossroads nuclear test". United States. doi:10.1097/00004032-199707000-00015.
@article{osti_543364,
title = {Mortality of veteran participants in the crossroads nuclear test},
author = {Johnson, J.C. and Thaul, S. and Page, W.F.},
abstractNote = {Operation CROSSROADS, conducted at Bikini Atoll in 1946, was the first post World War II test of nuclear weapons. Mortality experience of 40,000 military veteran participants in CROSSROADS was compared to that of a similar cohort of nonparticipating veterans. All-cause mortality of the participants was slightly increased over nonparticipants by 5% (p < .001). Smaller increases in participant mortality for all malignancies (1.4%, p = 0.26) or leukemia (2.0%, p = 0.9) were not statistically significant. These results do not support a hypothesis that radiation had increased participant cancer mortality over that of nonparticipants. 8 refs.},
doi = {10.1097/00004032-199707000-00015},
journal = {Health Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 73,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 1997},
month = {Tue Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 1997}
}