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Title: Early diagenesis of trace metals used as an indicator of past productivity changes in coastal sediments

Abstract

In sediments of Kiel Bight, which differ significantly in their redox-states and the rates of C[sub org] degradation, depth profiles of both dissolved and solid-phase Fe, Mn, Cd, Cu, Ni, and Co were measured. Porewater fluxes of Cd, Cu and Ni were significantly higher at shallower (more oxic) stations as compared to highly reducing deeper subthermocline sediments, while Mn fluxes behaved the opposite way. When normalized to Fe for grain size correction the measured solid-phase metal contents revealed that the high porewater flux has led to near surface depletion of Mn from more anoxic sediments and to a reduced rate of accumulation of anthropogenic Cd in more oxic sediments. This difference in early diagenetic behaviour suggests the use of these metals as a proxy for the redox state and the intensity of carbon recycling. Contrary to the recent sediment layers the normalized metal contents of preindustrially deposited sediment layers were similar for both metals at all stations. Thus, at stations having highly anoxic sediments today, the preindustrial benthic flux must have been lower for Mn and higher for Cd, reflecting a shift from more oxic to more reducing conditions in subthermocline sediments during the last 100 years. This change ofmore » the redox state in subthermocline sediments reflects an increase of primary production and of subsequent C[sub org] input to the sediment due to eutrophication which accompanied industrialization.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. (Univ. of Kiel (Germany))
  2. (Univ. of Bremen (Germany))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5430026
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta; (United States); Journal Volume: 57:19
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CADMIUM; ABUNDANCE; DIAGENESIS; MANGANESE; SEDIMENTS; CARBON CYCLE; EUTROPHICATION; SURFACE WATERS; POLLUTION; COBALT; COPPER; IRON; NICKEL; ELEMENTS; METALS; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; 540320* - Environment, Aquatic- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (1990-)

Citation Formats

Lapp, B., and Balzer, W. Early diagenesis of trace metals used as an indicator of past productivity changes in coastal sediments. United States: N. p., 1993. Web. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(93)90189-4.
Lapp, B., & Balzer, W. Early diagenesis of trace metals used as an indicator of past productivity changes in coastal sediments. United States. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(93)90189-4.
Lapp, B., and Balzer, W. Fri . "Early diagenesis of trace metals used as an indicator of past productivity changes in coastal sediments". United States. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(93)90189-4.
@article{osti_5430026,
title = {Early diagenesis of trace metals used as an indicator of past productivity changes in coastal sediments},
author = {Lapp, B. and Balzer, W.},
abstractNote = {In sediments of Kiel Bight, which differ significantly in their redox-states and the rates of C[sub org] degradation, depth profiles of both dissolved and solid-phase Fe, Mn, Cd, Cu, Ni, and Co were measured. Porewater fluxes of Cd, Cu and Ni were significantly higher at shallower (more oxic) stations as compared to highly reducing deeper subthermocline sediments, while Mn fluxes behaved the opposite way. When normalized to Fe for grain size correction the measured solid-phase metal contents revealed that the high porewater flux has led to near surface depletion of Mn from more anoxic sediments and to a reduced rate of accumulation of anthropogenic Cd in more oxic sediments. This difference in early diagenetic behaviour suggests the use of these metals as a proxy for the redox state and the intensity of carbon recycling. Contrary to the recent sediment layers the normalized metal contents of preindustrially deposited sediment layers were similar for both metals at all stations. Thus, at stations having highly anoxic sediments today, the preindustrial benthic flux must have been lower for Mn and higher for Cd, reflecting a shift from more oxic to more reducing conditions in subthermocline sediments during the last 100 years. This change of the redox state in subthermocline sediments reflects an increase of primary production and of subsequent C[sub org] input to the sediment due to eutrophication which accompanied industrialization.},
doi = {10.1016/0016-7037(93)90189-4},
journal = {Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 57:19,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 1993},
month = {Fri Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 1993}
}
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