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Title: Argon metastable densities in radio frequency Ar, Ar/O{sub 2} and Ar/CF{sub 4} electrical discharges

Abstract

The spatial distributions of excited states in radio frequency electrical gas discharges have been observed to be dynamic functions of gas mixture, pressure, and applied voltage. Recent measurements of two-dimensional profiles of excited states in the Gaseous Electronics Conference reference cell (GECRC) [McMillin and Zachariah, J. Appl. Phys. {bold 77}, 5538 (1995); {bold 79}, 77 (1996)] have shown that the spatial distribution of the Ar(4s) density varies considerably with operating conditions. The peak density of Ar(4s) systematically shifted in position, as well as changed in magnitude, with variations in pressure, applied voltage, and gas mixture. In this article, we present results from a two-dimensional computer simulation of Ar, Ar/O{sub 2}, and Ar/CF{sub 4} discharges sustained in the GECRC with the intent of investigating the experimental trends. The simulations, performed with the Hybrid Plasma Equipment Model, agree well with experiments. They show that the shift in Ar(4s) densities is largely explained by the reduction in the electron mean free path, and local perturbations in the ambipolar electric field resulting from electrode structures. Additions of small amounts of O{sub 2} and CF{sub 4} decrease the Ar(4s) density due to quenching, and change its profile due to a transition to an electronegative plasma.more » {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois, 1406 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
542150
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 82; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: PBD: Sep 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION; HIGH-FREQUENCY DISCHARGES; EXCITED STATES; OXYGEN; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ARGON; CARBON TETRAFLUORIDE; PRESSURE DEPENDENCE; DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS; SIMULATION; PLASMA RADIAL PROFILES; METASTABLE STATES

Citation Formats

Rauf, S, and Kushner, M J. Argon metastable densities in radio frequency Ar, Ar/O{sub 2} and Ar/CF{sub 4} electrical discharges. United States: N. p., 1997. Web. doi:10.1063/1.366111.
Rauf, S, & Kushner, M J. Argon metastable densities in radio frequency Ar, Ar/O{sub 2} and Ar/CF{sub 4} electrical discharges. United States. doi:10.1063/1.366111.
Rauf, S, and Kushner, M J. Mon . "Argon metastable densities in radio frequency Ar, Ar/O{sub 2} and Ar/CF{sub 4} electrical discharges". United States. doi:10.1063/1.366111.
@article{osti_542150,
title = {Argon metastable densities in radio frequency Ar, Ar/O{sub 2} and Ar/CF{sub 4} electrical discharges},
author = {Rauf, S and Kushner, M J},
abstractNote = {The spatial distributions of excited states in radio frequency electrical gas discharges have been observed to be dynamic functions of gas mixture, pressure, and applied voltage. Recent measurements of two-dimensional profiles of excited states in the Gaseous Electronics Conference reference cell (GECRC) [McMillin and Zachariah, J. Appl. Phys. {bold 77}, 5538 (1995); {bold 79}, 77 (1996)] have shown that the spatial distribution of the Ar(4s) density varies considerably with operating conditions. The peak density of Ar(4s) systematically shifted in position, as well as changed in magnitude, with variations in pressure, applied voltage, and gas mixture. In this article, we present results from a two-dimensional computer simulation of Ar, Ar/O{sub 2}, and Ar/CF{sub 4} discharges sustained in the GECRC with the intent of investigating the experimental trends. The simulations, performed with the Hybrid Plasma Equipment Model, agree well with experiments. They show that the shift in Ar(4s) densities is largely explained by the reduction in the electron mean free path, and local perturbations in the ambipolar electric field resulting from electrode structures. Additions of small amounts of O{sub 2} and CF{sub 4} decrease the Ar(4s) density due to quenching, and change its profile due to a transition to an electronegative plasma. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}},
doi = {10.1063/1.366111},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 82,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {9}
}