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Title: DOE solvent handbook information sheet

Abstract

Solvents and cleaners are used in the Department of Defense (DOD) and the Department of Energy-Defense Program (DOE-DP) maintenance facilities for removing wax, grease, oil, carbon, machining fluids, solder fluxes, mold releases, and other contaminants before repairing or electroplating parts. Private industry also uses cleaners and degreasers for surface preparation of various metals. Growing environmental and worker safety concerns have brought attention to these solvents and cleaners, most of which are classified as toxic. Tightening government regulations have already excluded the use of some chemicals, and restrict the use of various halogenated hydrocarbons because of their atmospheric-ozone depleting effects, as well as their cancer-related risks. As a result, a program was established to develop an efficient, easily accessible, electronic solvent utilization handbook. This is being accomplished by: (1) identifying solvents (alternatives) that are not currently restricted by government regulations for use DOE-DP facilities, and private industry, (2) evaluating their cleaning performance, (3) evaluating their corrosivity, (4) evaluating their air emissions, (5) evaluating the possibility of recycling or recovering all or portions of the alternative degreasers, (6) testing substitute solvents compatibility with non-metallic materials, (7) inputting all of the data gathered (including previous biodegradability information) into a database, and (8) developingmore » a methodology for efficient, widespread access to the data base information system.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
5420913
Report Number(s):
INEL/MISC-92032
ON: DE92012218
DOE Contract Number:  
AC07-76ID01570
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; MAINTENANCE FACILITIES; CLEANING; SOLVENTS; EVALUATION; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL; COMBUSTION PROPERTIES; CORROSIVE EFFECTS; DECONTAMINATION; DISTILLATION; MATERIALS RECOVERY; OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY; QUANTITATIVE CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; TOXIC MATERIALS; VOLATILITY; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; CONTROL; HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; MANAGEMENT; MATERIALS; POLLUTION CONTROL; PROCESSING; RECOVERY; SAFETY; SEPARATION PROCESSES; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE PROCESSING; 400201* - Chemical & Physicochemical Properties; 320300 - Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization- Industrial & Agricultural Processes

Citation Formats

Chavez, A.A.. DOE solvent handbook information sheet. United States: N. p., 1992. Web. doi:10.2172/5420913.
Chavez, A.A.. DOE solvent handbook information sheet. United States. doi:10.2172/5420913.
Chavez, A.A.. Wed . "DOE solvent handbook information sheet". United States. doi:10.2172/5420913. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/5420913.
@article{osti_5420913,
title = {DOE solvent handbook information sheet},
author = {Chavez, A.A.},
abstractNote = {Solvents and cleaners are used in the Department of Defense (DOD) and the Department of Energy-Defense Program (DOE-DP) maintenance facilities for removing wax, grease, oil, carbon, machining fluids, solder fluxes, mold releases, and other contaminants before repairing or electroplating parts. Private industry also uses cleaners and degreasers for surface preparation of various metals. Growing environmental and worker safety concerns have brought attention to these solvents and cleaners, most of which are classified as toxic. Tightening government regulations have already excluded the use of some chemicals, and restrict the use of various halogenated hydrocarbons because of their atmospheric-ozone depleting effects, as well as their cancer-related risks. As a result, a program was established to develop an efficient, easily accessible, electronic solvent utilization handbook. This is being accomplished by: (1) identifying solvents (alternatives) that are not currently restricted by government regulations for use DOE-DP facilities, and private industry, (2) evaluating their cleaning performance, (3) evaluating their corrosivity, (4) evaluating their air emissions, (5) evaluating the possibility of recycling or recovering all or portions of the alternative degreasers, (6) testing substitute solvents compatibility with non-metallic materials, (7) inputting all of the data gathered (including previous biodegradability information) into a database, and (8) developing a methodology for efficient, widespread access to the data base information system.},
doi = {10.2172/5420913},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1992},
month = {Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1992}
}

Technical Report:

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