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Title: Cluster assembly of hierarchical nanostructures

Abstract

In the past few years, atom clusters with diameters in the range of 2--20 nm of a variety of materials, including both metals and ceramics, have been synthesized by evaporation and condensation in high-purity gases and subsequently consolidated in situ under ultrahigh vacuum conditions to create nanophase materials. These new utlrafine-grained materials have properties that are often significantly different and considerably improved relative to those of their coarser-grained counterparts owing to both their small grain-size scale and the large percentage of their atoms in grain boundary environments. Since their properties can be engineered during the synthesis and processing steps, cluster-assembled materials appear to have significant potential for the introduction of a hierarchy of both structure and properties. Some of the recent research on nanophase materials related to properties and scale are reviewed and some of the possibilities for synthesizing hierarchical nanostructures via cluster assembly are considered.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
5402674
Report Number(s):
ANL/CP-73759; CONF-911202-68
ON: DE92010498
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Annual fall meeting of the Materials Research Society, Boston, MA (United States), 2-6 Dec 1991
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CERAMICS; PARTICLE SIZE; SYNTHESIS; GRAIN SIZE; MICROHARDNESS; SINTERING; STRAIN RATE; TITANIUM OXIDES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; CHALCOGENIDES; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; FABRICATION; HARDNESS; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; MICROSCOPY; MICROSTRUCTURE; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; SIZE; TITANIUM COMPOUNDS; TRANSITION ELEMENT COMPOUNDS; 360201* - Ceramics, Cermets, & Refractories- Preparation & Fabrication; 360202 - Ceramics, Cermets, & Refractories- Structure & Phase Studies

Citation Formats

Siegel, R W. Cluster assembly of hierarchical nanostructures. United States: N. p., 1992. Web.
Siegel, R W. Cluster assembly of hierarchical nanostructures. United States.
Siegel, R W. Sat . "Cluster assembly of hierarchical nanostructures". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/5402674.
@article{osti_5402674,
title = {Cluster assembly of hierarchical nanostructures},
author = {Siegel, R W},
abstractNote = {In the past few years, atom clusters with diameters in the range of 2--20 nm of a variety of materials, including both metals and ceramics, have been synthesized by evaporation and condensation in high-purity gases and subsequently consolidated in situ under ultrahigh vacuum conditions to create nanophase materials. These new utlrafine-grained materials have properties that are often significantly different and considerably improved relative to those of their coarser-grained counterparts owing to both their small grain-size scale and the large percentage of their atoms in grain boundary environments. Since their properties can be engineered during the synthesis and processing steps, cluster-assembled materials appear to have significant potential for the introduction of a hierarchy of both structure and properties. Some of the recent research on nanophase materials related to properties and scale are reviewed and some of the possibilities for synthesizing hierarchical nanostructures via cluster assembly are considered.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5402674}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1992},
month = {2}
}

Conference:
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