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Title: Method and apparatus for synthesizing hydrocarbons

Abstract

A method and apparatus for synthesizing a mixture of aliphatic alcohols having five carbons or less is disclosed. An equal molar ratio of CO and H/sub 2/ gases is caused to pass through a ThO/sub 2/ catalyst having a surface area of about 80 to 125 m/sup 2//g. The catalyst further optionally includes Na ions present as substitutional cations in an amount of about 5 to 10 atom %. At a temperature of about 570 to 630/sup 0/K, and at pressures of about 20 to 50 atm, methanol and isobutanol are the predominant products and are produced in amounts of about 90 wt % of the total hydrocarbon mixture. 6 figs.

Inventors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5398650
Application Number:
ON: DE86013805
Assignee:
Dept. of Energy LLNL; EDB-86-142927
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
10 SYNTHETIC FUELS; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; BUTANOLS; CHEMICAL PREPARATION; CARBON MONOXIDE; METHANATION; METHANOL; THORIUM OXIDES; CATALYTIC EFFECTS; HIGH TEMPERATURE; HYDROGENATION; ACTINIDE COMPOUNDS; ALCOHOLS; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; SYNTHESIS; THORIUM COMPOUNDS; 090221* - Alcohol Fuels- Chemical Synthesis- (1976-1989); 090121 - Hydrocarbon Fuels- Chemical Synthesis- (1976-1989); 360204 - Ceramics, Cermets, & Refractories- Physical Properties

Citation Formats

Colmenares, C.A., Somorjai, G.A., and Maj, J.J. Method and apparatus for synthesizing hydrocarbons. United States: N. p., 1985. Web.
Colmenares, C.A., Somorjai, G.A., & Maj, J.J. Method and apparatus for synthesizing hydrocarbons. United States.
Colmenares, C.A., Somorjai, G.A., and Maj, J.J. Tue . "Method and apparatus for synthesizing hydrocarbons". United States.
@article{osti_5398650,
title = {Method and apparatus for synthesizing hydrocarbons},
author = {Colmenares, C.A. and Somorjai, G.A. and Maj, J.J.},
abstractNote = {A method and apparatus for synthesizing a mixture of aliphatic alcohols having five carbons or less is disclosed. An equal molar ratio of CO and H/sub 2/ gases is caused to pass through a ThO/sub 2/ catalyst having a surface area of about 80 to 125 m/sup 2//g. The catalyst further optionally includes Na ions present as substitutional cations in an amount of about 5 to 10 atom %. At a temperature of about 570 to 630/sup 0/K, and at pressures of about 20 to 50 atm, methanol and isobutanol are the predominant products and are produced in amounts of about 90 wt % of the total hydrocarbon mixture. 6 figs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1985},
month = {4}
}