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Title: Analysis of 16 cystic fibrosis mutations in Mexican patients

Abstract

We carried out molecular analysis of 80 chromosomes from 40 unrelated Mexican patients with a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis. The study was performed in two PCR steps: a preliminary one to identify mutation AF508, the most frequent cause of cystic fibrosis worldwide, and the second a reverse dot-blot with allele-specific oligonucleotide probes to detect 15 additional common mutations in the Caucasian population. A frequency of 45% for AF508 was found, making it the most common in our sample of Mexican patients. Another five mutations (G542X, 3849 + 10 kb C{r_arrow}T, N1303K, S549N, and 621 + 1 G{r_arrow}T) were detected, and these accounted for 11.25%. The remaining mutations (43.75%) were undetectable with the methodology used. 20 refs., 2 tabs.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon (Mexico) [and others
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
539211
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: American Journal of Medical Genetics; Journal Volume: 69; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: PBD: 14 Apr 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
55 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, BASIC STUDIES; HEREDITARY DISEASES; DIAGNOSIS; PATIENTS; GENOTYPE; PHENOTYPE; HUMAN CHROMOSOMES; GENETIC MAPPING; GENE MUTATIONS; DETECTION; MEXICO; GENES; MUTATION FREQUENCY; POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION; OLIGONUCLEOTIDES; PROBES; CODONS

Citation Formats

Villalobos-Torres, C., Rojas-Martinez, A., and Barrera-Saldana, H.A.. Analysis of 16 cystic fibrosis mutations in Mexican patients. United States: N. p., 1997. Web. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19970414)69:4<380::AID-AJMG8>3.3.CO;2-8.
Villalobos-Torres, C., Rojas-Martinez, A., & Barrera-Saldana, H.A.. Analysis of 16 cystic fibrosis mutations in Mexican patients. United States. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19970414)69:4<380::AID-AJMG8>3.3.CO;2-8.
Villalobos-Torres, C., Rojas-Martinez, A., and Barrera-Saldana, H.A.. Mon . "Analysis of 16 cystic fibrosis mutations in Mexican patients". United States. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19970414)69:4<380::AID-AJMG8>3.3.CO;2-8.
@article{osti_539211,
title = {Analysis of 16 cystic fibrosis mutations in Mexican patients},
author = {Villalobos-Torres, C. and Rojas-Martinez, A. and Barrera-Saldana, H.A.},
abstractNote = {We carried out molecular analysis of 80 chromosomes from 40 unrelated Mexican patients with a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis. The study was performed in two PCR steps: a preliminary one to identify mutation AF508, the most frequent cause of cystic fibrosis worldwide, and the second a reverse dot-blot with allele-specific oligonucleotide probes to detect 15 additional common mutations in the Caucasian population. A frequency of 45% for AF508 was found, making it the most common in our sample of Mexican patients. Another five mutations (G542X, 3849 + 10 kb C{r_arrow}T, N1303K, S549N, and 621 + 1 G{r_arrow}T) were detected, and these accounted for 11.25%. The remaining mutations (43.75%) were undetectable with the methodology used. 20 refs., 2 tabs.},
doi = {10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19970414)69:4<380::AID-AJMG8>3.3.CO;2-8},
journal = {American Journal of Medical Genetics},
number = 4,
volume = 69,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Apr 14 00:00:00 EDT 1997},
month = {Mon Apr 14 00:00:00 EDT 1997}
}
  • Sixty-one patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) from Moldova were tested for mutations {Delta}F508, G551D, and R553X. Frequencies of various alleles of the repeated GATT sequence in intron 6B of the GFTR gene, their linkage to other polymorphic markers, and various mutations were determined. The frequency of occurrence of mutation {Delta}F508 was only 25%. An absolute majority of CF patients (80%) had pancreatic insufficiency. Mutations G551D and R553X were not found in our sample. Each of 31 chromosomes with mutation {Delta}F508 carry the 6-GATT allele. Most {open_quotes}non {Delta}F508{close_quotes} (78%) and normal (80%) chromosomes were marked by the 7-GATT allele. Twenty-seven {Delta}F508more » chromosomes (96.4%) belong to haplotype B6, and only one to D6. Most chromosomes with {open_quotes}non {Delta}F508{close_quotes} mutations are associated with haplotypes D7 (26.3%) and C7 (21%). In addition, a significant portion of chromosomes from this subgroup were associated with haplotypes A7 (23.7%), A6 (10.5%), and C6 (2.7%), which are not yet described for mutant chromosomes. The results obtained demonstrate that CF in Moldova is mainly associated with mutations other than {Delta}F508, G551D, and R553X. Severe forms of the disease, with pancreatic insufficiency, are more frequently caused by these mutations; moreover, our data provides strong evidence for the presence of at least seven additional CF mutations in Moldova, apart from {Delta}F508, G551D, and R553X. Some of these are probably not described.« less
  • The Hutterite population is a genetic isolate with an increased incidence of cystic fibrosis (CF). Previously the authors identified three CF haplotypes defined by polymorphisms flanking the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. [Delta]F508 was present on one of the haplotypes in only 35% of CF chromosomes. They hypothesized that the other two CF haplotypes, one of which was the most common and the other of which is rare, each harbored different non-[Delta]F508 mutations. Single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis detected a missense mutation, M1101K, in both chromosomes of a Hutterite patient carrying the two non-[Delta]F508 haplotypes. M1101K appears to have originatedmore » on an uncommon CFTR allele and to be infrequent outside the Hutterite population. The presence of M1101K on two haplotypes is likely the result of a CFTR intragenic recombination which occurred since the founding, 10-12 generations ago, of the Hutterite population. The crossover was located between exons 14a and 17b, an interval of approximately 15 kbp. [Delta]F508 and M1101K accounted for all of the CF mutations in patients from 16 CF families representing the three subdivisions of the Hutterite population. 38 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.« less
  • Allelic frequencies of three polymorphic markers in the CFTR gene were estimated on chromosomes derived from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and healthy donors from Moscow and the Moscow region. These polymorphic markers are tetranucleotide tandem repeats GATT in intron 6B, M470V in exon 10, and T854T in exon 14 (fragment A). Frequencies at allele 1 of the M470V marker, along with allele 2 of GATT and T854T, are two times higher for CF patients without {Delta}F508 mutation than for healthy donors, and there is linkage disequilibrium of these alleles of the polymorphic markers analyzed with the CF gene. Allele 1more » of M470V and T854T markers, as well as allele 2 of the GATT marker (six repeats), are absolutely linked to mutation F508 of the CFTR gene. Using the polymorphic markers studied, family analysis of CF was carried out in two families. 10 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.« less
  • Single cases of the four novel splice site mutations 1525[minus]1 G [r arrow] A (intron 9), 3601[minus]2 A [r arrow] G (intron 18), 3850[minus]3 T [r arrow] G (intron 19), and 4374+1 G [r arrow] T (intron 23) were detected in the CFTR gene of cystic fibrosis patients of Indo-Iranian, Turkish, Polish, and Germany descent. The nucleotide substitutions at the +1, [minus]1, and [minus]2 positions all destroy splice sites and lead to severe disease alleles associated with features typical of gastrointestinal and pulmonary cystic fibrosis disease. The 3850[minus]3 T-to-G change was discovered in a very mildly affected 33-year-old [Delta]F508 compoundmore » heterozygote, suggesting that the T-to-G transversion at the less conserved [minus]3 position of the acceptor splice site may retain some wildtype function. 13 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.« less