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Title: Chemical reduction of biomass polysaccharides to liquid hydrocarbon fuels

Abstract

Biomass is fractionated into the principle components cellulose (1), hemicellulose (2), and lignin (3). The two polysaccharide fractions 1 & 2 are converted into polyols by catalytic hydrogenation. Sorbitol, resulting from 1 for example, is treated sequentially with a redox coupled mixture of hydriodic acid and phosphorous acid and then with alcoholic base to afford a mixture of hydrocarbons including hexene. Step 2 of the process is highly tunable and can directly produce about 80% hydrocarbon oligomers, C{sub 12}H{sub 22} and C{sub 18}H{sub 32} and only about 20% of the intermediate 2-iodohexane. Recent results in the development of this new process will be presented. Oxygenate fuel additives, hexanols and hexyl ethers are also available by further reactions of hexene. These are presented in the accompanying paper.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Texas of the Permian Basin, Odessa, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
539050
Report Number(s):
CONF-960807-
TRN: 97:004029-0118
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 212. national meeting of the American Chemical Society (ACS), Orlando, FL (United States), 25-30 Aug 1996; Other Information: PBD: 1996; Related Information: Is Part Of 212th ACS national meeting; PB: 1830 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOMASS; PROCESSING; FUEL ADDITIVES; SYNTHESIS; CELLULOSE; HEMICELLULOSE; HEXANOLS; HYDROGENATION; LIGNIN; POLYSACCHARIDES; ETHERS

Citation Formats

Robinson, J M, Alaniz, N J, and Beech, D J. Chemical reduction of biomass polysaccharides to liquid hydrocarbon fuels. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Robinson, J M, Alaniz, N J, & Beech, D J. Chemical reduction of biomass polysaccharides to liquid hydrocarbon fuels. United States.
Robinson, J M, Alaniz, N J, and Beech, D J. Tue . "Chemical reduction of biomass polysaccharides to liquid hydrocarbon fuels". United States.
@article{osti_539050,
title = {Chemical reduction of biomass polysaccharides to liquid hydrocarbon fuels},
author = {Robinson, J M and Alaniz, N J and Beech, D J},
abstractNote = {Biomass is fractionated into the principle components cellulose (1), hemicellulose (2), and lignin (3). The two polysaccharide fractions 1 & 2 are converted into polyols by catalytic hydrogenation. Sorbitol, resulting from 1 for example, is treated sequentially with a redox coupled mixture of hydriodic acid and phosphorous acid and then with alcoholic base to afford a mixture of hydrocarbons including hexene. Step 2 of the process is highly tunable and can directly produce about 80% hydrocarbon oligomers, C{sub 12}H{sub 22} and C{sub 18}H{sub 32} and only about 20% of the intermediate 2-iodohexane. Recent results in the development of this new process will be presented. Oxygenate fuel additives, hexanols and hexyl ethers are also available by further reactions of hexene. These are presented in the accompanying paper.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {12}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

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