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Title: National committee on radiation protection, 1928-1960: from professional guidelines to government regulation

Abstract

The National Committee on Radiation Protection is a private, self-perpetuating body of radiation experts founded in 1928 which, except during World War II, has established the basic guidelines for radiation safety in the United States. This dissertation examines three themes in its history from 1928 to 1960. On an intellectual level, how do scientists make judgments when called upon to perform a legal function, instead of conduct research. On an institutional level, how does a scientific committee develop when it serves a medical, industrial, and legal constituency larger than the research community of the scientist themselves. On a political level, how has the development of atomic energy influenced both the intellectual content of the radiation safety standards and the institutional form of the NCRP. Institutional and political concerns were found to play a significant role in the NCRP's intellectual work from 1928 to 1960. The time span can be divided into three periods, revealing a growing politicization of radiation safety: professional self-regulation (1928-1941), government advisory committee (1946-1954), and public controversy and increasing legislation (1954-1960). In 1959, political controversy led to the establishment of the Federal Radiation Council, a government agency which was to replace the NCRP.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Harvard Univ., Boston, MA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5335370
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Thesis (Ph. D.)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; RADIATION PROTECTION; RECOMMENDATIONS; REGULATIONS; FEDERAL RADIATION COUNCIL; INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS; US NCRP; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; US ORGANIZATIONS; 655001* - Medical Physics- Radiation Protection Standards

Citation Formats

Whittemore, G.F. National committee on radiation protection, 1928-1960: from professional guidelines to government regulation. United States: N. p., 1986. Web.
Whittemore, G.F. National committee on radiation protection, 1928-1960: from professional guidelines to government regulation. United States.
Whittemore, G.F. Wed . "National committee on radiation protection, 1928-1960: from professional guidelines to government regulation". United States.
@article{osti_5335370,
title = {National committee on radiation protection, 1928-1960: from professional guidelines to government regulation},
author = {Whittemore, G.F.},
abstractNote = {The National Committee on Radiation Protection is a private, self-perpetuating body of radiation experts founded in 1928 which, except during World War II, has established the basic guidelines for radiation safety in the United States. This dissertation examines three themes in its history from 1928 to 1960. On an intellectual level, how do scientists make judgments when called upon to perform a legal function, instead of conduct research. On an institutional level, how does a scientific committee develop when it serves a medical, industrial, and legal constituency larger than the research community of the scientist themselves. On a political level, how has the development of atomic energy influenced both the intellectual content of the radiation safety standards and the institutional form of the NCRP. Institutional and political concerns were found to play a significant role in the NCRP's intellectual work from 1928 to 1960. The time span can be divided into three periods, revealing a growing politicization of radiation safety: professional self-regulation (1928-1941), government advisory committee (1946-1954), and public controversy and increasing legislation (1954-1960). In 1959, political controversy led to the establishment of the Federal Radiation Council, a government agency which was to replace the NCRP.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1986},
month = {1}
}

Thesis/Dissertation:
Other availability
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