skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Trophic level accumulation of heavy metals in a coal ash basin drainage system

Abstract

The uptake of 10 hazardous chemical elements was measured in water, sediment, flyash effluent, and the major biotic components of the coal ash basin drainage system of the Savannah River Project powerplant. Concentrations were measured by neutron activation in organisms representing the different trophic levels that constitute the biotic community of the drainage system, including aquatic bacteria, algae, macrophytes, midges, dragonflies, crayfish, tadpoles, and fish. Water concentrations of all elements except cadmium, copper, and zinc, and sediment concentrations of all 10 elements were highest in the drainage system. Invertebrates generally concentrated high amounts of copper and zinc, although cadmium and mercury were accumulated most by crayfish. Selenium was selectively concentrated by bacteria, crayfish, and mosquitofish. Consequences of elemental concentrations in sediment and in specific trophic level groups are discussed. (1 diagram, 8 references, 1 table)

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ of Texas; Virginia Polytechnic Inst and State Univ
OSTI Identifier:
5324839
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Water Resour. Bull.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 15:1
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; METALS; BIOLOGICAL ACCUMULATION; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; WATER CHEMISTRY; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; COAL; FLY ASH; SAVANNAH RIVER PLANT; SEDIMENTS; WATERSHEDS; AEROSOL WASTES; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; ECOSYSTEMS; ELEMENTS; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; US AEC; US DOE; US ERDA; US ORGANIZATIONS; WASTES; 520200* - Environment, Aquatic- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Guthrie, R.K., and Cherry, D.S. Trophic level accumulation of heavy metals in a coal ash basin drainage system. United States: N. p., 1979. Web. doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.1979.tb00304.x.
Guthrie, R.K., & Cherry, D.S. Trophic level accumulation of heavy metals in a coal ash basin drainage system. United States. doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.1979.tb00304.x.
Guthrie, R.K., and Cherry, D.S. Thu . "Trophic level accumulation of heavy metals in a coal ash basin drainage system". United States. doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.1979.tb00304.x.
@article{osti_5324839,
title = {Trophic level accumulation of heavy metals in a coal ash basin drainage system},
author = {Guthrie, R.K. and Cherry, D.S.},
abstractNote = {The uptake of 10 hazardous chemical elements was measured in water, sediment, flyash effluent, and the major biotic components of the coal ash basin drainage system of the Savannah River Project powerplant. Concentrations were measured by neutron activation in organisms representing the different trophic levels that constitute the biotic community of the drainage system, including aquatic bacteria, algae, macrophytes, midges, dragonflies, crayfish, tadpoles, and fish. Water concentrations of all elements except cadmium, copper, and zinc, and sediment concentrations of all 10 elements were highest in the drainage system. Invertebrates generally concentrated high amounts of copper and zinc, although cadmium and mercury were accumulated most by crayfish. Selenium was selectively concentrated by bacteria, crayfish, and mosquitofish. Consequences of elemental concentrations in sediment and in specific trophic level groups are discussed. (1 diagram, 8 references, 1 table)},
doi = {10.1111/j.1752-1688.1979.tb00304.x},
journal = {Water Resour. Bull.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 15:1,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {2}
}