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Title: Biomass fuels in the developing countries: An overview

Abstract

This report presents an overview of what is known about current patterns of biofuels supply and use in the developing countries. We illustrate the diversity of biofuels use, and discuss how use changes with urbanization and commercialization of biofuels. We present information on sources of biofuels, describe the basic technologies employed for using biofuels, and discuss the key factors involved in assessing change in biofuels use over time. We present biofuels consumption data from a number of surveys, and discuss the main factors that shape the level of use of different biofuels. We discuss the responses of rural people to the increasing fuelwood scarcity that is occurring in many parts of the developing world. We describe the transition from biofuels to modern fuels that occurs in cities, and discuss the factors that inhibit this transition. We present estimates of national biofuels consumption for 17 of the largest biofuels-using countries and for larger regions. We discuss the relationship between human use of biofuels and greenhouse gas emissions. Lastly, we present a discussion of policies designed to affect biofuels supply and demand, describing the experience with and prospects for increasing biofuels supply, improving end-use efficiency, and encouraging the transition away from biofuels.more » 61 refs., 18 tabs.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA)
  2. (UK))
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA)
Sponsoring Org.:
DOE/EH
OSTI Identifier:
5319599
Report Number(s):
LBL-27222
ON: DE90002616
DOE Contract Number:  
AC03-76SF00098
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; PUBLIC POLICY; RURAL AREAS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; SOLID FUELS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; USES; URBAN AREAS; AFRICA; ASIA; BIOMASS; CARBON DIOXIDE; EFFICIENCY; GREENHOUSE EFFECT; LATIN AMERICA; MIDDLE EAST; SUPPLY AND DEMAND; SYNTHETIC FUELS; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; ENERGY SOURCES; FUELS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; 095000* - Biomass Fuels- Environmental Aspects- (1990-); 540220 - Environment, Terrestrial- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (1990-); 093000 - Biomass Fuels- Economic, Industrial, & Business Aspects- (1990-); 290400 - Energy Planning & Policy- Energy Resources

Citation Formats

Meyers, S., Leach, G., and International Inst. for Environment and Development, London. Biomass fuels in the developing countries: An overview. United States: N. p., 1989. Web.
Meyers, S., Leach, G., & International Inst. for Environment and Development, London. Biomass fuels in the developing countries: An overview. United States.
Meyers, S., Leach, G., and International Inst. for Environment and Development, London. Sat . "Biomass fuels in the developing countries: An overview". United States.
@article{osti_5319599,
title = {Biomass fuels in the developing countries: An overview},
author = {Meyers, S. and Leach, G. and International Inst. for Environment and Development, London},
abstractNote = {This report presents an overview of what is known about current patterns of biofuels supply and use in the developing countries. We illustrate the diversity of biofuels use, and discuss how use changes with urbanization and commercialization of biofuels. We present information on sources of biofuels, describe the basic technologies employed for using biofuels, and discuss the key factors involved in assessing change in biofuels use over time. We present biofuels consumption data from a number of surveys, and discuss the main factors that shape the level of use of different biofuels. We discuss the responses of rural people to the increasing fuelwood scarcity that is occurring in many parts of the developing world. We describe the transition from biofuels to modern fuels that occurs in cities, and discuss the factors that inhibit this transition. We present estimates of national biofuels consumption for 17 of the largest biofuels-using countries and for larger regions. We discuss the relationship between human use of biofuels and greenhouse gas emissions. Lastly, we present a discussion of policies designed to affect biofuels supply and demand, describing the experience with and prospects for increasing biofuels supply, improving end-use efficiency, and encouraging the transition away from biofuels. 61 refs., 18 tabs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1989},
month = {7}
}

Technical Report:
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