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Title: Expanded use of fossil fuels by the US and the global carbon dioxide problem

Abstract

Projecting present increases in rates of fossil fuel utilization, a doubling of CO/sub 2/ concentration in the atmosphere may be expected within the next 75 years. Based on preliminary calculations, coal utilization by the United States to the year 2020 accounts for between 9 and 15% of the increase in CO/sub 2/ concentration. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere absorbs infra-red radiation, causing an increase in the surface temperature of the earth. The most recent climatic models indicate that each doubling in atmospheric CO/sub 2/ concentration will result in a temperature increase of approximately 3 +- 1/sup 0/C, depending on the model used. Changes in average rates of precipitation and evaporation may follow, leading to higher probabilities of drought in the mid-latitudes (including the United States). Manabe and Wetherald (1975) have estimated the temperature increase at high latitudes to be three times the increase in the global average surface temperature. Large-scale melting of the polar ice caps and a subsequent increase in the surface area of the oceans may follow on a timetable that is not yet clear. The distribution of vegetation and agricultural activities can be expected to change in response to the temperature increase and associated changes in precipitationmore » and evaporation. The many uncertainties associated with the analysis of the carbon dioxide/climate problem mandate the initiation of an immediate global-scale interdisciplinary research effort to determine more clearly the components and connections of the problem and to develop strategies for reducing the impacts, i.e., contingency plans that could be helpful regardless of impact details which remain to be determined.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN
OSTI Identifier:
5310059
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-26
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
J. Environ. Manage.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; CARBON DIOXIDE; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; GREENHOUSE EFFECT; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; CARBON CYCLE; CLIMATES; COAL; DATA COMPILATION; DISTRIBUTION; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; FOSSIL-FUEL POWER PLANTS; GLOBAL ASPECTS; GRAPHS; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; PLANTS; TABLES; TEMPERATURE EFFECTS; USA; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; CHALCOGENIDES; DATA; DATA FORMS; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; INFORMATION; NORTH AMERICA; NUMERICAL DATA; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POWER PLANTS; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; 500100* - Environment, Atmospheric- Basic Studies- (-1989); 010900 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Environmental Aspects

Citation Formats

Emanuel, W R, Olson, J S, and Gillough, G G. Expanded use of fossil fuels by the US and the global carbon dioxide problem. United States: N. p., 1980. Web.
Emanuel, W R, Olson, J S, & Gillough, G G. Expanded use of fossil fuels by the US and the global carbon dioxide problem. United States.
Emanuel, W R, Olson, J S, and Gillough, G G. Tue . "Expanded use of fossil fuels by the US and the global carbon dioxide problem". United States.
@article{osti_5310059,
title = {Expanded use of fossil fuels by the US and the global carbon dioxide problem},
author = {Emanuel, W R and Olson, J S and Gillough, G G},
abstractNote = {Projecting present increases in rates of fossil fuel utilization, a doubling of CO/sub 2/ concentration in the atmosphere may be expected within the next 75 years. Based on preliminary calculations, coal utilization by the United States to the year 2020 accounts for between 9 and 15% of the increase in CO/sub 2/ concentration. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere absorbs infra-red radiation, causing an increase in the surface temperature of the earth. The most recent climatic models indicate that each doubling in atmospheric CO/sub 2/ concentration will result in a temperature increase of approximately 3 +- 1/sup 0/C, depending on the model used. Changes in average rates of precipitation and evaporation may follow, leading to higher probabilities of drought in the mid-latitudes (including the United States). Manabe and Wetherald (1975) have estimated the temperature increase at high latitudes to be three times the increase in the global average surface temperature. Large-scale melting of the polar ice caps and a subsequent increase in the surface area of the oceans may follow on a timetable that is not yet clear. The distribution of vegetation and agricultural activities can be expected to change in response to the temperature increase and associated changes in precipitation and evaporation. The many uncertainties associated with the analysis of the carbon dioxide/climate problem mandate the initiation of an immediate global-scale interdisciplinary research effort to determine more clearly the components and connections of the problem and to develop strategies for reducing the impacts, i.e., contingency plans that could be helpful regardless of impact details which remain to be determined.},
doi = {},
journal = {J. Environ. Manage.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {1980},
month = {1}
}