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Title: Cooperative field test program for wind systems

Abstract

The objectives of the Federal Wind Energy Program, managed by the US Department of Energy (DOE), are (1) to assist industry and utilities in achieving a multi-regional US market penetration of wind systems, and (2) to establish the United States as the world leader in the development of advanced wind turbine technology. In 1984, the program conducted a series of planning workshops with representatives from the wind energy industry to obtain input on the Five-Year Research Plan then being prepared by DOE. One specific suggestion that came out of these meetings was that the federal program should conduct cooperative research tests with industry to enhance the technology transfer process. It was also felt that the active involvement of industry in DOE-funded research would improve the state of the art of wind turbine technology. DOE established the Cooperative Field Test Program (CFTP) in response to that suggestion. This program was one of the first in DOE to feature joint industry-government research test teams working toward common objectives.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
5285410
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-253-4252
ON: DE92001209
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-83CH10093
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; WIND TURBINES; FIELD TESTS; DYNAMICS; HORIZONTAL AXIS TURBINES; PROGRESS REPORT; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; VERTICAL AXIS TURBINES; WIND TURBINE ARRAYS; DOCUMENT TYPES; EQUIPMENT; MACHINERY; MECHANICS; TESTING; TURBINES; TURBOMACHINERY; 170602* - Wind Energy Engineering- Turbine Design & Operation

Citation Formats

Bollmeier, W.S. II, and Dodge, D.M. Cooperative field test program for wind systems. United States: N. p., 1992. Web. doi:10.2172/5285410.
Bollmeier, W.S. II, & Dodge, D.M. Cooperative field test program for wind systems. United States. doi:10.2172/5285410.
Bollmeier, W.S. II, and Dodge, D.M. Sun . "Cooperative field test program for wind systems". United States. doi:10.2172/5285410. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/5285410.
@article{osti_5285410,
title = {Cooperative field test program for wind systems},
author = {Bollmeier, W.S. II and Dodge, D.M.},
abstractNote = {The objectives of the Federal Wind Energy Program, managed by the US Department of Energy (DOE), are (1) to assist industry and utilities in achieving a multi-regional US market penetration of wind systems, and (2) to establish the United States as the world leader in the development of advanced wind turbine technology. In 1984, the program conducted a series of planning workshops with representatives from the wind energy industry to obtain input on the Five-Year Research Plan then being prepared by DOE. One specific suggestion that came out of these meetings was that the federal program should conduct cooperative research tests with industry to enhance the technology transfer process. It was also felt that the active involvement of industry in DOE-funded research would improve the state of the art of wind turbine technology. DOE established the Cooperative Field Test Program (CFTP) in response to that suggestion. This program was one of the first in DOE to feature joint industry-government research test teams working toward common objectives.},
doi = {10.2172/5285410},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 1992},
month = {Sun Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 1992}
}

Technical Report:

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  • The purpose of this research is to examine the effect of precipitation on wind turbine performance. This study will be conducted at the Whisky Run windfarm on the southern Oregon coast. Precipitation has been shown to cause significant degradation in the performance of the MOD-O wind turbine by Corrigan and DeMiglio (1985), who found performance reductions of up to 20% for light rainfall, 30% for moderate rainfall and 36% for snow and drizzle. There are several penalties due to rainfall, but it appears that most of the performance degradation is due to rain induced roughness. The Whisky Run windfarm receivesmore » around 60 inches of rain per year most of which occurs from October through April. During the summer months drizzle is an occasional weather phenomena. Pacific Wind Energy (PWE) and Pacific Power and Light (PP&L) propose to examine the effect of precipitation on wind turbine performance. The Whisky Run windfarm is unique among windfarms because the power sales contract is set up such that the wind farm is considered a research project and the participants have agreed to engage in research that will benefit the industry. PP&L will be providing all of the instrumentation except for the recording rate of rain gage. PWE will be performing the analysis of the data and project management.« less
  • The purpose of this research is to examine the effect of precipitation on wind turbine performance. This study will be conducted at the Whisky Run windfarm on the southern Oregon coast. Precipitation has been shown to cause significant degradation in the performance of the MOD-O wind turbine by Corrigan and DeMiglio (1985), who found performance reductions of up to 20% for light rainfall, 30% for moderate rainfall and 36% for snow and drizzle. There are several penalties due to rainfall, but it appears that most of the performance degradation is due to rain induced roughness. The Whisky Run windfarm receivesmore » around 60 inches of rain per year most of which occurs from October through April. During the summer months drizzle is an occasional weather phenomena. Pacific Wind Energy (PWE) and Pacific Power and Light (PP L) propose to examine the effect of precipitation on wind turbine performance. The Whisky Run windfarm is unique among windfarms because the power sales contract is set up such that the wind farm is considered a research project and the participants have agreed to engage in research that will benefit the industry. PP L will be providing all of the instrumentation except for the recording rate of rain gage. PWE will be performing the analysis of the data and project management.« less
  • The objectives of the Federal Wind Energy Program, managed by the US Department of Energy (DOE), are (1) to assist industry and utilities in achieving a multi-regional US market penetration of wind systems, and (2) to establish the United States as the world leader in the development of advanced wind turbine technology. In 1984, the program conducted a series of planning workshops with representatives from the wind energy industry to obtain input on the Five-Year Research Plan then being prepared by DOE. One specific suggestion that came out of these meetings was that the federal program should conduct cooperative researchmore » tests with industry to enhance the technology transfer process. It was also felt that the active involvement of industry in DOE-funded research would improve the state of the art of wind turbine technology. DOE established the Cooperative Field Test Program (CFTP) in response to that suggestion. This program was one of the first in DOE to feature joint industry-government research test teams working toward common objectives.« less
  • A test center has been established with 12 machine towers of varying descriptions and eight WTGs erected to date. Additionally, two large and three small meteorological towers have been installed as well as a small irrigation system, typical of the type commonly used throughout the country. Experience with these machines has revealed a number of operational problems, but has resulted in hardware modifications by manufacturers. The other main area of effort has been to solicit and evaluate proposals for development of 8 kW, 40 kW, and High Reliability SWECS.
  • This report details the site selection procedure followed to locate two qualified sites for the installation and monitoring of two commercially available small wind energy conversion systems as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Field Evaluation Program. The aim of the evaluation program is to gain operating experience with wind systems in actual locations and to identify the siting and operational issues involving wind energy conversion systems. The two sites selected were approved as test sites for the program.