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Title: Wet cooling towers: rule-of-thumb design and simulation

Abstract

A survey of wet cooling tower literature was performed to develop a simplified method of cooling tower design and simulation for use in power plant cycle optimization. The theory of heat exchange in wet cooling towers is briefly summarized. The Merkel equation (the fundamental equation of heat transfer in wet cooling towers) is presented and discussed. The cooling tower fill constant (Ka) is defined and values derived. A rule-of-thumb method for the optimized design of cooling towers is presented. The rule-of-thumb design method provides information useful in power plant cycle optimization, including tower dimensions, water consumption rate, exit air temperature, power requirements and construction cost. In addition, a method for simulation of cooling tower performance at various operating conditions is presented. This information is also useful in power plant cycle evaluation. Using the information presented, it will be possible to incorporate wet cooling tower design and simulation into a procedure to evaluate and optimize power plant cycles.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
5281927
Report Number(s):
EGG-GTH-5775
ON: DE82012196
DOE Contract Number:  
AC07-76ID01570
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of document are illegible
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; MECHANICAL DRAFT COOLING TOWERS; PERFORMANCE; SIMULATION; COST; DESIGN; HEAT TRANSFER; OPERATION; WATER REQUIREMENTS; COOLING TOWERS; ENERGY TRANSFER; MECHANICAL STRUCTURES; TOWERS; Geothermal Legacy; 150802* - Geothermal Power Plants- Power Plant Systems & Components; 200101 - Fossil-Fueled Power Plants- Cooling & Heat Transfer Equipment & Systems

Citation Formats

Leeper, Stephen A. Wet cooling towers: rule-of-thumb design and simulation. United States: N. p., 1981. Web. doi:10.2172/5281927.
Leeper, Stephen A. Wet cooling towers: rule-of-thumb design and simulation. United States. doi:10.2172/5281927.
Leeper, Stephen A. Wed . "Wet cooling towers: rule-of-thumb design and simulation". United States. doi:10.2172/5281927. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/5281927.
@article{osti_5281927,
title = {Wet cooling towers: rule-of-thumb design and simulation},
author = {Leeper, Stephen A.},
abstractNote = {A survey of wet cooling tower literature was performed to develop a simplified method of cooling tower design and simulation for use in power plant cycle optimization. The theory of heat exchange in wet cooling towers is briefly summarized. The Merkel equation (the fundamental equation of heat transfer in wet cooling towers) is presented and discussed. The cooling tower fill constant (Ka) is defined and values derived. A rule-of-thumb method for the optimized design of cooling towers is presented. The rule-of-thumb design method provides information useful in power plant cycle optimization, including tower dimensions, water consumption rate, exit air temperature, power requirements and construction cost. In addition, a method for simulation of cooling tower performance at various operating conditions is presented. This information is also useful in power plant cycle evaluation. Using the information presented, it will be possible to incorporate wet cooling tower design and simulation into a procedure to evaluate and optimize power plant cycles.},
doi = {10.2172/5281927},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1981},
month = {7}
}